5 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Acquaintance \Ac*quaint"ance\, noun [OE. aqueintance, OF. acointance, fr. acointier. See {Acquaint}.]

1. A state of being acquainted, or of having intimate, or more than slight or superficial, knowledge; personal knowledge gained by intercourse short of that of friendship or intimacy; as, I know the man; but have no acquaintance with him.

Contract no friendship, or even acquaintance, with a guileful man. --Sir W. Jones.

2. A person or persons with whom one is acquainted.

Montgomery was an old acquaintance of Ferguson. --Macaulay.

Note: In this sense the collective term acquaintance was formerly both singular and plural, but it is now commonly singular, and has the regular plural acquaintances.

{To be of acquaintance}, to be intimate.

{To take acquaintance of} or {with}, to make the acquaintance of. [Obs.]

Syn: Familiarity; intimacy; fellowship; knowledge.

Usage: {Acquaintance}, {Familiarity}, {Intimacy}. These words mark different degrees of closeness in social intercourse. Acquaintance arises from occasional intercourse; as, our acquaintance has been a brief one. We can speak of a slight or an intimate acquaintance. Familiarity is the result of continued acquaintance. It springs from persons being frequently together, so as to wear off all restraint and reserve; as, the familiarity of old companions. Intimacy is the result of close connection, and the freest interchange of thought; as, the intimacy of established friendship.

Our admiration of a famous man lessens upon our nearer acquaintance with him. --Addison.

We contract at last such a familiarity with them as makes it difficult and irksome for us to call off our minds. --Atterbury.

It is in our power to confine our friendships and intimacies to men of virtue. --Rogers.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Accredit \Ac*cred"it\, verb (used with an object) [imp. & p. p. {Accredited}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Accrediting}.] [F. accr['e]diter; ['a] (L. ad) + cr['e]dit credit. See {Credit}.]

1. To put or bring into credit; to invest with credit or authority; to sanction.

His censure will . . . accredit his praises. --Cowper.

These reasons . . . which accredit and fortify mine opinion. --Shelton.

2. To send with letters credential, as an ambassador, envoy, or diplomatic agent; to authorize, as a messenger or delegate.

Beton . . . was accredited to the Court of France. --Froude.

3. To believe; to credit; to put trust in.

The version of early Roman history which was accredited in the fifth century. --Sir G. C. Lewis.

He accredited and repeated stories of apparitions and witchcraft. --Southey.

4. To credit; to vouch for or consider (some one) as doing something, or (something) as belonging to some one.

{To accredit} (one) {with} (something), to attribute something to him; as, Mr. Clay was accredited with these views; they accredit him with a wise saying.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

With \With\, noun See {Withe}.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

With \With\, preposition [OE. with, AS. wi? with, against; akin to AS. wi?er against, OFries. with, OS. wi?, wi?ar, D. weder, we[^e]r (in comp.), G. wider against, wieder gain, OHG. widar again, against, Icel. vi? against, with, by, at, Sw. vid at, by, Dan. ved, Goth. wipra against, Skr. vi asunder. Cf. {Withdraw}, {Withers}, {Withstand}.] With denotes or expresses some situation or relation of nearness, proximity, association, connection, or the like. It is used especially:

1. To denote a close or direct relation of opposition or hostility; -- equivalent to against.

Thy servant will . . . fight with this Philistine. --1 Sam. xvii. 32.

Note: In this sense, common in Old English, it is now obsolete except in a few compounds; as, withhold; withstand; and after the verbs fight, contend, struggle, and the like.

2. To denote association in respect of situation or environment; hence, among; in the company of.

I will buy with you, talk with you, walk with you, and so following; but I will not eat with you, drink with you, nor pray with you. --Shak.

Pity your own, or pity our estate, Nor twist our fortunes with your sinking fate. --Dryden.

See where on earth the flowery glories lie; With her they flourished, and with her they die. --Pope.

There is no living with thee nor without thee. --Tatler.

Such arguments had invincible force with those pagan philosophers. --Addison.

3. To denote a connection of friendship, support, alliance, assistance, countenance, etc.; hence, on the side of.

Fear not, for I am with thee, and will bless thee. --Gen. xxvi. 24.

4. To denote the accomplishment of cause, means, instrument, etc; -- sometimes equivalent to by.

That with these fowls I be all to-rent. --Chaucer.

Thou wilt be like a lover presently, And tire the hearer with a book of words. --Shak.

[He] entertained a coffeehouse with the following narrative. --Addison.

With receiving your friends within and amusing them without, you lead a good, pleasant, bustling life of it. --Goldsmith.

5. To denote association in thought, as for comparison or contrast.

Can blazing carbuncles with her compare. --Sandys.

6. To denote simultaneous happening, or immediate succession or consequence.

With that she told me . . . that she would hide no truth from me. --Sir P. Sidney.

With her they flourished, and with her they die. --Pope.

With this he pointed to his face. --Dryden.

7. To denote having as a possession or an appendage; as, the firmament with its stars; a bride with a large fortune. "A maid with clean hands." --Shak.

Note: With and by are closely allied in many of their uses, and it is not easy to lay down a rule by which to distinguish their uses. See the Note under {By}.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Withe \Withe\ (?; 277), noun [OE. withe. ????. See {Withy}, noun] [Written also {with}.]

1. A flexible, slender twig or branch used as a band; a willow or osier twig; a withy.

2. A band consisting of a twig twisted.

3. (Naut.) An iron attachment on one end of a mast or boom, with a ring, through which another mast or boom is rigged out and secured; a wythe. --R. H. Dana, Jr.

4. (Arch.) A partition between flues in a chimney.

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