From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:
umlaut \um"laut\ ([=oo]m"lout), noun [G., from um about + laut sound.] (Philol.) The euphonic modification of a root vowel sound by the influence of a, u, or especially i, in the syllable which formerly followed.
Note: It is peculiar to the Teutonic languages, and was common in Anglo-Saxon. In German the umlauted vowels resulting from a, o, u, followed by old i, are written [aum], ["o], ["u], or ae, oe, ue; as, m[aum]nner or maenner, men, from mann, man. Examples of forms resulting from umlaut in English are geese pl. of goose, men pl. of man, etc.
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
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