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#top sum

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Sum \Sum\, noun [OE. summe, somme, OF. sume, some, F. somme, L. summa, fr. summus highest, a superlative from sub under. See {Sub-}, and cf. {Supreme}.]

1. The aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes, quantities, or particulars; the amount or whole of any number of individuals or particulars added together; as, the sum of 5 and 7 is 12.

Take ye the sum of all the congregation. --Num. i. 2.

Note: Sum is now commonly applied to an aggregate of numbers, and number to an aggregate of persons or things.

2. A quantity of money or currency; any amount, indefinitely; as, a sum of money; a small sum, or a large sum. "The sum of forty pound." --Chaucer.

3. The principal points or thoughts when viewed together; the amount; the substance; compendium; as, this is the sum of all the evidence in the case; this is the sum and substance of his objections.

Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought My story to the sum of earthly bliss. --Milton.

5. (Arith.) A problem to be solved, or an example to be wrought out. --Macaulay.

{Algebraic sum}, as distinguished from arithmetical sum, the aggregate of two or more numbers or quantities taken with regard to their signs, as + or -, according to the rules of addition in algebra; thus, the algebraic sum of -2, 8, and -1 is 5.

{In sum}, in short; in brief. [Obs.] "In sum, the gospel . . . prescribes every virtue to our conduct, and forbids every sin." --Rogers.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Sum \Sum\, verb (used with an object) [imp. & p. p. {Summed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Summing}.] [Cf. F. sommer, LL. summare.]

1. To bring together into one whole; to collect into one amount; to cast up, as a column of figures; to ascertain the totality of; -- usually with up.

The mind doth value every moment, and then the hour doth rather sum up the moments, than divide the day. --Bacon.

2. To bring or collect into a small compass; to comprise in a few words; to condense; -- usually with up.

"Go to the ant, thou sluggard," in few words sums up the moral of this fable. --L'Estrange.

3. (Falconry) To have (the feathers) full grown; to furnish with complete, or full-grown, plumage.

{Summing up}, a compendium or abridgment; a recapitulation; a r['e]sum['e]; a summary.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

noun

1: a quantity of money; "he borrowed a large sum"; "the amount he had in cash was insufficient" [syn: {sum}, {sum of money}, {amount}, {amount of money}]

2: a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers [syn: {sum}, {amount}, {total}]

3: the final aggregate; "the sum of all our troubles did not equal the misery they suffered" [syn: {sum}, {summation}, {sum total}]

4: the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; "the gist of the prosecutor's argument"; "the heart and soul of the Republican Party"; "the nub of the story" [syn: {kernel}, {substance}, {core}, {center}, {centre}, {essence}, {gist}, {heart}, {heart and soul}, {inwardness}, {marrow}, {meat}, {nub}, {pith}, {sum}, {nitty- gritty}]

5: the whole amount [syn: {sum}, {total}, {totality}, {aggregate}]

6: a set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets; "let C be the union of the sets A and B" [syn: {union}, {sum}, {join}]

verb

1: be a summary of; "The abstract summarizes the main ideas in the paper" [syn: {summarize}, {summarise}, {sum}, {sum up}]

2: determine the sum of; "Add all the people in this town to those of the neighboring town" [syn: {total}, {tot}, {tot up}, {sum}, {sum up}, {summate}, {tote up}, {add}, {add together}, {tally}, {add up}]