saturated

3 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Saturated \Sat"u*ra'ted\, adjective

1. Filled to repletion; holding by absorption, or in solution, all that is possible; as, saturated garments; a saturated solution of salt.

2. (Chem.) Having its affinity satisfied; combined with all it can hold; -- said of certain atoms, radicals, or compounds; thus, methane is a saturated compound. Contrasted with {unsaturated}.

Note: A saturated compound may exchange certain ingredients for others, but can not take on more without such exchange.

{Saturated color} (Optics), a color not diluted with white; a pure unmixed color, like those of the spectrum.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Saturate \Sat"u*rate\, verb (used with an object) [imp. & p. p. {Saturated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Saturating}.] [L. saturatus, p. p. of saturare to saturate, fr. satur full of food, sated. See {Satire}.]

1. To cause to become completely penetrated, impregnated, or soaked; to fill fully; to sate.

Innumerable flocks and herds covered that vast expanse of emerald meadow saturated with the moisture of the Atlantic. --Macaulay.

Fill and saturate each kind With good according to its mind. --Emerson.

2. (Chem.) To satisfy the affinity of; to cause to become inert by chemical combination with all that it can hold; as, to saturate phosphorus with chlorine.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

saturated

adjective

1: being the most concentrated solution possible at a given temperature; unable to dissolve still more of a substance; "a saturated solution" [syn: {saturated}, {concentrated}] [ant: {unsaturated}]

2: used especially of organic compounds; having all available valence bonds filled; "saturated fats" [ant: {unsaturated}]

3: (of color) being chromatically pure; not diluted with white or grey or black [syn: {saturated}, {pure}] [ant: {unsaturated}]


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