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racks

11 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Rack \Rack\, noun [Prob. fr. Icel. rek drift, motion, and akin to reka to drive, and E. wrack, wreck. [root]282.] Thin, flying, broken clouds, or any portion of floating vapor in the sky. --Shak.

The winds in the upper region, which move the clouds above, which we call the rack, . . . pass without noise. --Bacon.

And the night rack came rolling up. --C. Kingsley.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Rack \Rack\, verb (used without an object) To fly, as vapor or broken clouds.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Rack \Rack\ (r[a^]k), noun Same as {Arrack}.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Rack \Rack\, noun [AS. hracca neck, hinder part of the head; cf. AS. hraca throat, G. rachen throat, E. retch.] The neck and spine of a fore quarter of veal or mutton.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Rack \Rack\, noun [See {Wreck}.] A wreck; destruction. [Obs., except in a few phrases.]

{Rack and ruin}, destruction; utter ruin. [Colloq.]

{To go to rack}, to perish; to be destroyed. [Colloq.] "All goes to rack." --Pepys.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Rack \Rack\, verb (used without an object) [imp. & p. p. {Racked} (r[a^]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Racking}.] [See {Rack} that which stretches, or {Rock}, v.] To amble fast, causing a rocking or swaying motion of the body; to pace; -- said of a horse. --Fuller.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Rack \Rack\ (r[a^]k), verb (used with an object)

1. To extend by the application of force; to stretch or strain; specifically, to stretch on the rack or wheel; to torture by an engine which strains the limbs and pulls the joints.

He was racked and miserably tormented. --Foxe.

2. To torment; to torture; to affect with extreme pain or anguish.

Vaunting aloud but racked with deep despair. --Milton.

3. To stretch or strain, in a figurative sense; hence, to harass, or oppress by extortion.

The landlords there shamefully rack their tenants. --Spenser.

They [landlords] rack their rents an ace too high. --Gascoigne.

Grant that I may never rack a Scripture simile beyond the true intent thereof. --Fuller.

Try what my credit can in Venice do; That shall be racked even to the uttermost. --Shak.

4. (Mining) To wash on a rack, as metals or ore.

5. (Naut.) To bind together, as two ropes, with cross turns of yarn, marline, etc.

{To rack one's brains} or {To rack one's brains out} or {To rack one's wits}, to exert one's thinking processes to the utmost for the purpose of accomplishing something; as, I racked my brains out trying to find a way to solve the problem. [1913 Webster +PJC]

Syn: To torture; torment; rend; tear.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Rack \Rack\, noun A fast amble.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Rack \Rack\, verb (used with an object) [Cf. OF. vin raqu['e] wine squeezed from the dregs of the grapes.] To draw off from the lees or sediment, as wine.

It is in common practice to draw wine or beer from the lees (which we call racking), whereby it will clarify much the sooner. --Bacon.

{Rack vintage}, wine cleansed and drawn from the lees. --Cowell.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Rack \Rack\, noun [Probably fr. D. rek, rekbank, a rack, rekken to stretch; akin to G. reck, reckbank, a rack, recken to stretch, Dan. r[ae]kke, Sw. r[aum]cka, Icel. rekja to spread out, Goth. refrakjan to stretch out; cf. L. porrigere, Gr. 'ore'gein. [root]115. Cf. {Right}, adjective, {Ratch}.]

1. An instrument or frame used for stretching, extending, retaining, or displaying, something. Specifically: (a) An engine of torture, consisting of a large frame, upon which the body was gradually stretched until, sometimes, the joints were dislocated; -- formerly used judicially for extorting confessions from criminals or suspected persons.

During the troubles of the fifteenth century, a rack was introduced into the Tower, and was occasionally used under the plea of political necessity. --Macaulay. (b) An instrument for bending a bow. (c) A grate on which bacon is laid. (d) A frame or device of various construction for holding, and preventing the waste of, hay, grain, etc., supplied to beasts. (e) A frame on which articles are deposited for keeping or arranged for display; as, a clothes rack; a bottle rack, etc. (f) (Naut.) A piece or frame of wood, having several sheaves, through which the running rigging passes; -- called also {rack block}. Also, a frame to hold shot. (g) (Mining) A frame or table on which ores are separated or washed. (h) A frame fitted to a wagon for carrying hay, straw, or grain on the stalk, or other bulky loads. (i) A distaff.

2. (Mech.) A bar with teeth on its face, or edge, to work with those of a wheel, pinion, or worm, which is to drive it or be driven by it.

3. That which is extorted; exaction. [Obs.] --Sir E. Sandys.

{Mangle rack}. (Mach.) See under {Mangle}. n.

{Rack block}. (Naut.) See def. 1 (f), above.

{Rack lashing}, a lashing or binding where the rope is tightened, and held tight by the use of a small stick of wood twisted around.

{Rack rail} (Railroads), a toothed rack, laid as a rail, to afford a hold for teeth on the driving wheel of a locomotive for climbing steep gradients, as in ascending a mountain.

{Rack saw}, a saw having wide teeth.

{Rack stick}, the stick used in a rack lashing.

{To be on the rack}, to suffer torture, physical or mental.

{To live at rack and manger}, to live on the best at another's expense. [Colloq.]

{To put to the rack}, to subject to torture; to torment.

A fit of the stone puts a king to the rack, and makes him as miserable as it does the meanest subject. --Sir W. Temple.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

rack

noun

1: framework for holding objects

2: rib section of a forequarter of veal or pork or especially lamb or mutton

3: the destruction or collapse of something; "wrack and ruin" [syn: {wrack}, {rack}]

4: an instrument of torture that stretches or disjoints or mutilates victims [syn: {rack}, {wheel}]

5: a support for displaying various articles; "the newspapers were arranged on a rack" [syn: {rack}, {stand}]

6: a form of torture in which pain is inflicted by stretching the body

7: a rapid gait of a horse in which each foot strikes the ground separately [syn: {rack}, {single-foot}]

verb

1: go at a rack; "the horses single-footed" [syn: {single- foot}, {rack}]

2: stretch to the limits; "rack one's brains"

3: put on a rack and pinion; "rack a camera"

4: obtain by coercion or intimidation; "They extorted money from the executive by threatening to reveal his past to the company boss"; "They squeezed money from the owner of the business by threatening him" [syn: {extort}, {squeeze}, {rack}, {gouge}, {wring}]

5: run before a gale [syn: {scud}, {rack}]

6: fly in high wind

7: draw off from the lees; "rack wine"

8: torment emotionally or mentally [syn: {torment}, {torture}, {excruciate}, {rack}]

9: work on a rack; "rack leather"

10: seize together, as of parallel ropes of a tackle in order to prevent running through the block

11: torture on the rack


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