monads

2 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Monad \Mon"ad\, noun [L. monas, -adis, a unit, Gr. ?, ?, fr. mo'nos alone.]

1. An ultimate atom, or simple, unextended point; something ultimate and indivisible.

2. (Philos. of Leibnitz) The elementary and indestructible units which were conceived of as endowed with the power to produce all the changes they undergo, and thus determine all physical and spiritual phenomena.

3. (Zool.) One of the smallest flagellate Infusoria; esp., the species of the genus {Monas}, and allied genera.

4. (Biol.) A simple, minute organism; a primary cell, germ, or plastid.

5. (Chem.) An atom or radical whose valence is one, or which can combine with, be replaced by, or exchanged for, one atom of hydrogen.

{Monad deme} (Biol.), in tectology, a unit of the first order of individuality.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

monad

noun

1: (chemistry) an atom having a valence of one

2: a singular metaphysical entity from which material properties are said to derive [syn: {monad}, {monas}]

3: (biology) a single-celled microorganism (especially a flagellate protozoan)


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