lay

12 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Lay \Lay\, verb (used without an object)

1. To produce and deposit eggs.

2. (Naut.) To take a position; to come or go; as, to lay forward; to lay aloft.

3. To lay a wager; to bet.

{To lay about}, or {To lay about one}, to strike vigorously in all directions. --J. H. Newman.

{To lay at}, to strike or strike at. --Spenser.

{To lay for}, to prepare to capture or assault; to lay wait for. [Colloq.] --Bp Hall.

{To lay in for}, to make overtures for; to engage or secure the possession of. [Obs.] "I have laid in for these." --Dryden.

{To lay on}, to strike; to beat; to attack. --Shak.

{To lay out}, to purpose; to plan; as, he lays out to make a journey.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Lay \Lay\, noun

1. That which lies or is laid or is conceived of as having been laid or placed in its position; a row; a stratum; a layer; as, a lay of stone or wood. --Addison.

A viol should have a lay of wire strings below. --Bacon.

Note: The lay of a rope is right-handed or left-handed according to the hemp or strands are laid up. See {Lay}, verb (used with an object), 16. The lay of land is its topographical situation, esp. its slope and its surface features.

2. A wager. "My fortunes against any lay worth naming."

3. (a) A job, price, or profit. [Prov. Eng.] --Wright. (b) A share of the proceeds or profits of an enterprise; as, when a man ships for a whaling voyage, he agrees for a certain lay. [U. S.]

4. (Textile Manuf.) (a) A measure of yarn; a lea. See 1st {Lea} (a) . (b) The lathe of a loom. See {Lathe}, 3.

5. A plan; a scheme. [Slang] --Dickens.

{Lay figure}. (a) A jointed model of the human body that may be put in any attitude; -- used for showing the disposition of drapery, etc. (b) A mere puppet; one who serves the will of others without independent volition.

{Lay race}, that part of a lay on which the shuttle travels in weaving; -- called also {shuttle race}.

{the lay of the land}, the general situation or state of affairs.

{to get the lay of the land}, to learn the general situation or state of affairs, especially in preparation for action.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

3. The movable swing frame of a loom, carrying the reed for separating the warp threads and beating up the weft; -- called also {lay} and {batten}.

{Blanchard lathe}, a lathe for turning irregular forms after a given pattern, as lasts, gunstocks, and the like.

{Drill lathe}, or {Speed lathe}, a small lathe which, from its high speed, is adapted for drilling; a hand lathe.

{Engine lathe}, a turning lathe in which the cutting tool has an automatic feed; -- used chiefly for turning and boring metals, cutting screws, etc.

{Foot lathe}, a lathe which is driven by a treadle worked by the foot.

{Geometric lathe}. See under {Geometric}

{Hand lathe}, a lathe operated by hand; a power turning lathe without an automatic feed for the tool.

{Slide lathe}, an engine lathe.

{Throw lathe}, a small lathe worked by one hand, while the cutting tool is held in the other.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Lay \Lay\, adjective [OF. lai, lais, prob. of Celtic origin; cf. Ir. laoi, laoidh, song, poem, OIr. laoidh poem, verse; but cf. also AS. l[=a]c play, sport, G. leich a sort of poem (cf. {Lake} to sport). ?.]

1. A song; a simple lyrical poem; a ballad. --Spenser. Sir W. Scott.

2. A melody; any musical utterance.

The throstle cock made eke his lay. --Chaucer.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Lay \Lay\ (l[=a]), verb (used with an object) [imp. & p. p. {Laid} (l[=a]d); p. pr. & vb. n. {Laying}.] [OE. leggen, AS. lecgan, causative, fr. licgan to lie; akin to D. leggen, G. legen, Icel. leggja, Goth. lagjan. See {Lie} to be prostrate.]

1. To cause to lie down, to be prostrate, or to lie against something; to put or set down; to deposit; as, to lay a book on the table; to lay a body in the grave; a shower lays the dust.

A stone was brought, and laid upon the mouth of the den. --Dan. vi. 17.

Soft on the flowery herb I found me laid. --Milton.

2. To place in position; to establish firmly; to arrange with regularity; to dispose in ranks or tiers; as, to lay a corner stone; to lay bricks in a wall; to lay the covers on a table.

3. To prepare; to make ready; to contrive; to provide; as, to lay a snare, an ambush, or a plan.

4. To spread on a surface; as, to lay plaster or paint.

5. To cause to be still; to calm; to allay; to suppress; to exorcise, as an evil spirit.

After a tempest when the winds are laid. --Waller.

6. To cause to lie dead or dying.

Brave C[ae]neus laid Ortygius on the plain, The victor C[ae]neus was by Turnus slain. --Dryden.

7. To deposit, as a wager; to stake; to risk.

I dare lay mine honor He will remain so. --Shak.

8. To bring forth and deposit; as, to lay eggs.

9. To apply; to put.

She layeth her hands to the spindle. --Prov. xxxi. 19.

10. To impose, as a burden, suffering, or punishment; to assess, as a tax; as, to lay a tax on land.

The Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. --Is. liii. 6.

11. To impute; to charge; to allege.

God layeth not folly to them. --Job xxiv. 12.

Lay the fault on us. --Shak.

12. To impose, as a command or a duty; as, to lay commands on one.

13. To present or offer; as, to lay an indictment in a particular county; to lay a scheme before one.

14. (Law) To state; to allege; as, to lay the venue. --Bouvier.

15. (Mil.) To point; to aim; as, to lay a gun.

16. (Rope Making) To put the strands of (a rope, a cable, etc.) in their proper places and twist or unite them; as, to lay a cable or rope.

17. (Print.) (a) To place and arrange (pages) for a form upon the imposing stone. (b) To place (new type) properly in the cases.

{To lay asleep}, to put sleep; to make unobservant or careless. --Bacon.

{To lay bare}, to make bare; to strip.

And laid those proud roofs bare to summer's rain. --Byron.

{To lay before}, to present to; to submit for consideration; as, the papers are laid before Congress.

{To lay by}. (a) To save. (b) To discard.

Let brave spirits . . . not be laid by. --Bacon.

{To lay by the heels}, to put in the stocks. --Shak.

{To lay down}. (a) To stake as a wager. (b) To yield; to relinquish; to surrender; as, to lay down one's life; to lay down one's arms. (c) To assert or advance, as a proposition or principle.

{To lay forth}. (a) To extend at length; (reflexively) to exert one's self; to expatiate. [Obs.] (b) To lay out (as a corpse). [Obs.] --Shak.

{To lay hands on}, to seize.

{To lay hands on one's self}, or {To lay violent hands on one's self}, to injure one's self; specif., to commit suicide.

{To lay heads together}, to consult.

{To lay hold of}, or {To lay hold on}, to seize; to catch.

{To lay in}, to store; to provide.

{To lay it on}, to apply without stint. --Shak.

{To lay it on thick}, to flatter excessively.

{To lay on}, to apply with force; to inflict; as, to lay on blows.

{To lay on load}, to lay on blows; to strike violently. [Obs. or Archaic]

{To lay one's self out}, to strive earnestly.

No selfish man will be concerned to lay out himself for the good of his country. --Smalridge.

{To lay one's self open to}, to expose one's self to, as to an accusation.

{To lay open}, to open; to uncover; to expose; to reveal.

{To lay over}, to spread over; to cover.

{To lay out}. (a) To expend. --Macaulay. (b) To display; to discover. (c) To plan in detail; to arrange; as, to lay out a garden. (d) To prepare for burial; as, to lay out a corpse. (e) To exert; as, to lay out all one's strength.

{To lay siege to}. (a) To besiege; to encompass with an army. (b) To beset pertinaciously.

{To lay the course} (Naut.), to sail toward the port intended without jibing.

{To lay the land} (Naut.), to cause it to disappear below the horizon, by sailing away from it.

{To lay to} (a) To charge upon; to impute. (b) To apply with vigor. (c) To attack or harass. [Obs.] --Knolles. (d) (Naut.) To check the motion of (a vessel) and cause it to be stationary.

{To lay to heart}, to feel deeply; to consider earnestly.

{To lay under}, to subject to; as, to lay under obligation or restraint.

{To lay unto}. (a) Same as {To lay to} (above). (b) To put before. --Hos. xi. 4.

{To lay up}. (a) To store; to reposit for future use. (b) To confine; to disable. (c) To dismantle, and retire from active service, as a ship.

{To lay wait for}, to lie in ambush for.

{To lay waste}, to destroy; to make desolate; as, to lay waste the land.

Syn: See {Put}, verb (used with an object), and the Note under 4th {Lie}.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Lay \Lay\, noun The laity; the common people. [Obs.]

The learned have no more privilege than the lay. --B. Jonson.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Lay \Lay\, noun A meadow. See {Lea}. [Obs.] --Dryden.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Lay \Lay\, noun [OF. lei faith, law, F. loi law. See {Legal}.]

1. Faith; creed; religious profession. [Obs.]

Of the sect to which that he was born He kept his lay, to which that he was sworn. --Chaucer.

2. A law. [Obs.] "Many goodly lays." --Spenser.

3. An obligation; a vow. [Obs.]

They bound themselves by a sacred lay and oath. --Holland.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Lay \Lay\, imp. of {Lie}, to recline.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Lay \Lay\, adjective [F. lai, L. laicus, Gr. ? of or from the people, lay, from ?, ?, people. Cf. {Laic}.]

1. Of or pertaining to the laity, as distinct from the clergy; as, a lay person; a lay preacher; a lay brother.

2. Not educated or cultivated; ignorant. [Obs.]

3. Not belonging to, or emanating from, a particular profession; unprofessional; as, a lay opinion regarding the nature of a disease.

{Lay baptism} (Eccl.), baptism administered by a lay person. --F. G. Lee.

{Lay brother} (R. C. Ch.), one received into a convent of monks under the three vows, but not in holy orders.

{Lay clerk} (Eccl.), a layman who leads the responses of the congregation, etc., in the church service. --Hook.

{Lay days} (Com.), time allowed in a charter party for taking in and discharging cargo. --McElrath.

{Lay elder}. See 2d {Elder}, 3, note.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Lie \Lie\, verb (used without an object) [imp. {Lay} (l[=a]); p. p. {Lain} (l[=a]n), ({Lien} (l[imac]"[e^]n), Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. {Lying}.] [OE. lien, liggen, AS. licgan; akin to D. liggen, OHG. ligen, licken, G. liegen, Icel. liggja, Sw. ligga, Dan. ligge, Goth. ligan, Russ. lejate, L. lectus bed, Gr. le'chos bed, le'xasqai to lie. Cf. {Lair}, {Law}, {Lay}, verb (used with an object), {Litter}, {Low}, adjective]

1. To rest extended on the ground, a bed, or any support; to be, or to put one's self, in an horizontal position, or nearly so; to be prostate; to be stretched out; -- often with down, when predicated of living creatures; as, the book lies on the table; the snow lies on the roof; he lies in his coffin.

The watchful traveler . . . Lay down again, and closed his weary eyes. --Dryden.

2. To be situated; to occupy a certain place; as, Ireland lies west of England; the meadows lie along the river; the ship lay in port.

3. To abide; to remain for a longer or shorter time; to be in a certain state or condition; as, to lie waste; to lie fallow; to lie open; to lie hid; to lie grieving; to lie under one's displeasure; to lie at the mercy of the waves; the paper does not lie smooth on the wall.

4. To be or exist; to belong or pertain; to have an abiding place; to consist; -- with in.

Envy lies between beings equal in nature, though unequal in circumstances. --Collier.

He that thinks that diversion may not lie in hard labor, forgets the early rising and hard riding of huntsmen. --Locke.

5. To lodge; to sleep.

Whiles I was now trifling at home, I saw London, . . . where I lay one night only. --Evelyn.

Mr. Quinion lay at our house that night. --Dickens.

6. To be still or quiet, like one lying down to rest.

The wind is loud and will not lie. --Shak.

7. (Law) To be sustainable; to be capable of being maintained. "An appeal lies in this case." --Parsons.

Note: Through ignorance or carelessness speakers and writers often confuse the forms of the two distinct verbs lay and lie. Lay is a transitive verb, and has for its preterit laid; as, he told me to lay it down, and I laid it down. Lie is intransitive, and has for its preterit lay; as, he told me to lie down, and I lay down. Some persons blunder by using laid for the preterit of lie; as, he told me to lie down, and I laid down. So persons often say incorrectly, the ship laid at anchor; they laid by during the storm; the book was laying on the shelf, etc. It is only necessary to remember, in all such cases, that laid is the preterit of lay, and not of lie.

{To lie along the shore} (Naut.), to coast, keeping land in sight.

{To lie at the door of}, to be imputable to; as, the sin, blame, etc., lies at your door.

{To lie at the heart}, to be an object of affection, desire, or anxiety. --Sir W. Temple.

{To lie at the mercy of}, to be in the power of.

{To lie by}. (a) To remain with; to be at hand; as, he has the manuscript lying by him. (b) To rest; to intermit labor; as, we lay by during the heat of the day.

{To lie hard} or {To lie heavy}, to press or weigh; to bear hard.

{To lie in}, to be in childbed; to bring forth young.

{To lie in one}, to be in the power of; to belong to. "As much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men." --Rom. xii. 18.

{To lie in the way}, to be an obstacle or impediment.

{To lie in wait}, to wait in concealment; to lie in ambush.

{To lie on} or {To lie upon}. (a) To depend on; as, his life lies on the result. (b) To bear, rest, press, or weigh on.

{To lie low}, to remain in concealment or inactive. [Slang]

{To lie on hand},

{To lie on one's hands}, to remain unsold or unused; as, the goods are still lying on his hands; they have too much time lying on their hands.

{To lie on the head of}, to be imputed to.

What he gets more of her than sharp words, let it lie on my head. --Shak.

{To lie over}. (a) To remain unpaid after the time when payment is due, as a note in bank. (b) To be deferred to some future occasion, as a resolution in a public deliberative body.

{To lie to} (Naut.), to stop or delay; especially, to head as near the wind as possible as being the position of greatest safety in a gale; -- said of a ship. Cf. {To bring to}, under {Bring}.

{To lie under}, to be subject to; to suffer; to be oppressed by.

{To lie with}. (a) To lodge or sleep with. (b) To have sexual intercourse with. (c) To belong to; as, it lies with you to make amends.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

lay

adjective

1: characteristic of those who are not members of the clergy; "set his collar in laic rather than clerical position"; "the lay ministry" [syn: {laic}, {lay}, {secular}]

2: not of or from a profession; "a lay opinion as to the cause of the disease"

noun

1: a narrative song with a recurrent refrain [syn: {ballad}, {lay}]

2: a narrative poem of popular origin [syn: {ballad}, {lay}]

verb

1: put into a certain place or abstract location; "Put your things here"; "Set the tray down"; "Set the dogs on the scent of the missing children"; "Place emphasis on a certain point" [syn: {put}, {set}, {place}, {pose}, {position}, {lay}]

2: put in a horizontal position; "lay the books on the table"; "lay the patient carefully onto the bed" [syn: {lay}, {put down}, {repose}]

3: prepare or position for action or operation; "lay a fire"; "lay the foundation for a new health care plan"

4: lay eggs; "This hen doesn't lay"

5: impose as a duty, burden, or punishment; "lay a responsibility on someone"


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