hopper

4 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Grasshopper \Grass"hop'per\, noun

1. (Zool.) Any jumping, orthopterous insect, of the families {Acridid[ae]} and {Locustid[ae]}, having large hind legs adapted for leaping, and chewing mouth parts. The species and genera are very numerous and some are very destructive to crops. The former family includes the Western grasshopper or locust ({Caloptenus spretus}), noted for the great extent of its ravages in the region beyond the Mississippi. In the Eastern United States the red-legged ({Caloptenus femurrubrum} and {C. atlanis}) are closely related species, but their ravages are less important. They are closely related to the migratory locusts of the Old World. See {Locust}. [1913 Webster +PJC]

Note: The meadow or green grasshoppers belong to the {Locustid[ae]}. They have long antenn[ae], large ovipositors, and stridulating organs at the base of the wings in the male. The European great green grasshopper ({Locusta viridissima}) belongs to this family. The common American green species mostly belong to {Xiphidium}, {Orchelimum}, and {Conocephalus}.

2. In ordinary square or upright pianos of London make, the escapement lever or jack, so made that it can be taken out and replaced with the key; -- called also the {hopper.} --Grove.

3. (Mil.) An antipersonnel mine that jumps from the ground to body height when activated, and explodes, hurling metal fragments over a wide area. [PJC]

4. A mixed alcoholic beverage containing cr['e]me de menthe, light cream, and sometimes cr['e]me de cacao. The name comes from its light green color. [PJC]

{Grasshopper engine}, a steam engine having a working beam with its fulcrum at one end, the steam cylinder at the other end, and the connecting rod at an intermediate point.

{Grasshopper lobster} (Zool.) a young lobster. [Local, U. S.]

{Grasshopper warbler} (Zool.), cricket bird.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Hopper \Hop"per\, noun [See 1st {Hop}.]

1. One who, or that which, hops.

2. A chute, box, or receptacle, usually funnel-shaped with an opening at the lower part, for delivering or feeding any material, as to a machine; as, the wooden box with its trough through which grain passes into a mill by joining or shaking, or a funnel through which fuel passes into a furnace, or coal, etc., into a car.

3. (Mus.) See {Grasshopper}, 2.

4. pl. A game. See {Hopscotch}. --Johnson.

5. (Zool.) (a) See {Grasshopper}, and {Frog hopper}, {Grape hopper}, {Leaf hopper}, {Tree hopper}, under {Frog}, {Grape}, {Leaf}, and {Tree}. (b) The larva of a cheese fly.

6. (Naut.) A vessel for carrying waste, garbage, etc., out to sea, so constructed as to discharge its load by a mechanical contrivance; -- called also {dumping scow}.

{Bell and hopper} (Metal.), the apparatus at the top of a blast furnace, through which the charge is introduced, while the gases are retained.

{Hopper boy}, a rake in a mill, moving in a circle to spread meal for drying, and to draw it over an opening in the floor, through which it falls.

{Hopper closet}, a water-closet, without a movable pan, in which the receptacle is a funnel standing on a draintrap.

{Hopper cock}, a faucet or valve for flushing the hopper of a water-closet.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Jack \Jack\ (j[a^]k), noun [F. Jacques James, L. Jacobus, Gr. ?, Heb. Ya 'aq[=o]b Jacob; prop., seizing by the heel; hence, a supplanter. Cf. {Jacobite}, {Jockey}.]

1. A familiar nickname of, or substitute for, John.

You are John Rugby, and you are Jack Rugby. --Shak.

2. An impertinent or silly fellow; a simpleton; a boor; a clown; also, a servant; a rustic. "Jack fool." --Chaucer.

Since every Jack became a gentleman, There 's many a gentle person made a Jack. --Shak.

3. A popular colloquial name for a sailor; -- called also {Jack tar}, and {Jack afloat}.

4. A mechanical contrivance, an auxiliary machine, or a subordinate part of a machine, rendering convenient service, and often supplying the place of a boy or attendant who was commonly called Jack; as: (a) A device to pull off boots. (b) A sawhorse or sawbuck. (c) A machine or contrivance for turning a spit; a smoke jack, or kitchen jack. (b) (Mining) A wooden wedge for separating rocks rent by blasting. (e) (Knitting Machine) A lever for depressing the sinkers which push the loops down on the needles. (f) (Warping Machine) A grating to separate and guide the threads; a heck box. (g) (Spinning) A machine for twisting the sliver as it leaves the carding machine. (h) A compact, portable machine for planing metal. (i) A machine for slicking or pebbling leather. (k) A system of gearing driven by a horse power, for multiplying speed. (l) A hood or other device placed over a chimney or vent pipe, to prevent a back draught. (m) In the harpsichord, an intermediate piece communicating the action of the key to the quill; -- called also {hopper}. (n) In hunting, the pan or frame holding the fuel of the torch used to attract game at night; also, the light itself. --C. Hallock.

5. A portable machine variously constructed, for exerting great pressure, or lifting or moving a heavy body such as an automobile through a small distance. It consists of a lever, screw, rack and pinion, hydraulic press, or any simple combination of mechanical powers, working in a compact pedestal or support and operated by a lever, crank, capstan bar, etc. The name is often given to a jackscrew, which is a kind of jack.

6. The small bowl used as a mark in the game of bowls. --Shak.

Like an uninstructed bowler who thinks to attain the jack by delivering his bowl straight forward upon it. --Sir W. Scott.

7. The male of certain animals, as of the ass.

8. (Zool.) (a) A young pike; a pickerel. (b) The jurel. (c) A large, California rock fish ({Sebastodes paucispinus}); -- called also {boccaccio}, and {m['e]rou}. (d) The wall-eyed pike.

9. A drinking measure holding half a pint; also, one holding a quarter of a pint. [Prov. Eng.] --Halliwell.

10. (Naut.) (a) A flag, containing only the union, without the fly, usually hoisted on a jack staff at the bowsprit cap; -- called also {union jack}. The American jack is a small blue flag, with a star for each State. (b) A bar of iron athwart ships at a topgallant masthead, to support a royal mast, and give spread to the royal shrouds; -- called also {jack crosstree}. --R. H. Dana, Jr.

11. The knave of a suit of playing cards.

12. (pl.) A game played with small (metallic, with tetrahedrally oriented spikes) objects (the jacks(1950+), formerly jackstones) that are tossed, caught, picked up, and arranged on a horizontal surface in various patterns; in the modern American game, the movements are accompanied by tossing or bouncing a rubber ball on the horizontal surface supporting the jacks. same as {jackstones}. [PJC]

13. Money. [slang] [PJC]

14. Apple jack. [PJC]

15. Brandy. [PJC]

Note: Jack is used adjectively in various senses. It sometimes designates something cut short or diminished in size; as, a jack timber; a jack rafter; a jack arch, etc.

{Jack arch}, an arch of the thickness of one brick.

{Jack back} (Brewing & Malt Vinegar Manuf.), a cistern which receives the wort. See under 1st {Back}.

{Jack block} (Naut.), a block fixed in the topgallant or royal rigging, used for raising and lowering light masts and spars.

{Jack boots}, boots reaching above the knee; -- worn in the 17 century by soldiers; afterwards by fishermen, etc.

{Jack crosstree}. (Naut.) See 10, b, above.

{Jack curlew} (Zool.), the whimbrel.

{Jack frame}. (Cotton Spinning) See 4 (g), above.

{Jack Frost}, frost or cold weather personified as a mischievous person.

{Jack hare}, a male hare. --Cowper.

{Jack lamp}, a lamp for still hunting and camp use. See def. 4 (n.), above.

{Jack plane}, a joiner's plane used for coarse work.

{Jack post}, one of the posts which support the crank shaft of a deep-well-boring apparatus.

{Jack pot} (Poker Playing), the name given to the stakes, contributions to which are made by each player successively, till such a hand is turned as shall take the "pot," which is the sum total of all the bets. See also {jackpot}.

{Jack rabbit} (Zool.), any one of several species of large American hares, having very large ears and long legs. The California species ({Lepus Californicus}), and that of Texas and New Mexico ({Lepus callotis}), have the tail black above, and the ears black at the tip. They do not become white in winter. The more northern prairie hare ({Lepus campestris}) has the upper side of the tail white, and in winter its fur becomes nearly white.

{Jack rafter} (Arch.), in England, one of the shorter rafters used in constructing a hip or valley roof; in the United States, any secondary roof timber, as the common rafters resting on purlins in a trussed roof; also, one of the pieces simulating extended rafters, used under the eaves in some styles of building.

{Jack salmon} (Zool.), the wall-eyed pike, or glasseye.

{Jack sauce}, an impudent fellow. [Colloq. & Obs.]

{Jack shaft} (Mach.), the first intermediate shaft, in a factory or mill, which receives power, through belts or gearing, from a prime mover, and transmits it, by the same means, to other intermediate shafts or to a line shaft.

{Jack sinker} (Knitting Mach.), a thin iron plate operated by the jack to depress the loop of thread between two needles.

{Jack snipe}. (Zool.) See in the Vocabulary.

{Jack staff} (Naut.), a staff fixed on the bowsprit cap, upon which the jack is hoisted.

{Jack timber} (Arch.), any timber, as a rafter, rib, or studding, which, being intercepted, is shorter than the others.

{Jack towel}, a towel hung on a roller for common use.

{Jack truss} (Arch.), in a hip roof, a minor truss used where the roof has not its full section.

{Jack tree}. (Bot.) See 1st {Jack}, noun

{Jack yard} (Naut.), a short spar to extend a topsail beyond the gaff.

{Blue jack}, blue vitriol; sulphate of copper.

{Hydraulic jack}, a jack used for lifting, pulling, or forcing, consisting of a compact portable hydrostatic press, with its pump and a reservoir containing a supply of liquid, as oil.

{Jack-at-a-pinch}. (a) One called upon to take the place of another in an emergency. (b) An itinerant parson who conducts an occasional service for a fee.

{Jack-at-all-trades}, one who can turn his hand to any kind of work.

{Jack-by-the-hedge} (Bot.), a plant of the genus {Erysimum} ({Erysimum alliaria}, or {Alliaria officinalis}), which grows under hedges. It bears a white flower and has a taste not unlike garlic. Called also, in England, {sauce-alone}. --Eng. Cyc.

{Jack-in-office}, an insolent fellow in authority. --Wolcott.

{Jack-in-the-bush} (Bot.), a tropical shrub with red fruit ({Cordia Cylindrostachya}).

{Jack-in-the-green}, a chimney sweep inclosed in a framework of boughs, carried in Mayday processions.

{Jack-of-the-buttery} (Bot.), the stonecrop ({Sedum acre}).

{Jack-of-the-clock}, a figure, usually of a man, on old clocks, which struck the time on the bell.

{Jack-on-both-sides}, one who is or tries to be neutral.

{Jack-out-of-office}, one who has been in office and is turned out. --Shak.

{Jack the Giant Killer}, the hero of a well-known nursery story.

{Yellow Jack} (Naut.), the yellow fever; also, the quarantine flag. See {Yellow flag}, under {Flag}.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

hopper

noun

1: funnel-shaped receptacle; contents pass by gravity into a receptacle below

2: someone who hops; "at hopscotch, the best hoppers are the children"

3: a machine used for picking hops [syn: {hop-picker}, {hopper}]

4: terrestrial plant-eating insect with hind legs adapted for leaping [syn: {grasshopper}, {hopper}]

5: (baseball) a hit that travels along the ground [syn: {grounder}, {ground ball}, {groundball}, {hopper}]

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Here's the Fourth Amendment from the U.S. Bill of Rights:

The right of the people to be SECURE in their PERSONS, houses, papers, and EFFECTS against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon PROBABLE CAUSE, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the PLACE to be searched, and the PERSONS or things to be seized.

General warrants are ILLEGAL. Giving a single SECRET warrant to a phone company compelling them to turn over all the call records of every subscriber is a general warrant and does not particularly specify a PERSON or PLACE to be searched based on PROBABLE CAUSE.

The SECRET FISA Court has been operating ILLEGALLY since George W. Bush was in office and all through the Barack Obama Administration. Both of these presidents have been SECRETLY doing something that is clearly and blatantly UNCONSTITUTIONAL. Chief Justice John Roberts has recused himself from any attempt to determine the Constitutionality of the warrantless mass surveillance. He did something blatantly unconstitutional with his FISA Court. He ABUSED his power.

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A Brief Explanation of Some Symptoms of My Mental Illness

My dream this morning. (2015-08-04: Approximately Noon Pacific Daylight Time)

I had an interesting dream today (Tuesday) around noon. I was sleeping in bed since 5 p.m. on Monday, the previous day. I went to bed around 1:30 a.m. Monday morning, but unfortunately, I failed to fall asleep. I remained alert in bed trying to fall asleep until 5 p.m. that day, when I finally fell alseep and slept until around 12:15 p.m. today, which is why I guess the dream happened around noon.

This morning I had totally awesome higher power superpower dreams.

It started off at Mizar Place where I was in a really weird altered state and my brother and Dad didn't trust me with anything dangerous. While in my altered state, I tried to explain to them that I knew what danger was. I used the stove as an example. I explained that the burner was hot and the pilot light had to stay lit or otherwise gas would escape and catch fire.

It was nighttime. I was standing in the kitchen. They were in the dining room.

Then there was a super loud arcing noise coming from what sounded like miles away. Just super loud electrical sparking type noise. So Dad and I went to investigate. We drove several blocks and about half a mile through residential neighborhoods until we found a military zone full of security guards, then we found the source of the noise.

There was a huge gigantic antenna about 300 feet tall that had been built behind the backyard of a house in the grass of the elementary school schoolyard. Somehow then we were behind the house in the schoolyard, close enough to see the flashes of light coming from inside the house and that the sparks were being channeled through a ducting system that was connected to an amplifier unit and broadcast in all directions through some kind of ultra, ultra loud and elaborate public address system in the schoolyard, as well as through the radio antenna.

There was a military cop that greeted us. Dad had a black Colt .45 semi-automatic pistol and I had a small silver-colored .22 semi-automatic pistol with a wooden grip. The cop asked us if we had permits for the guns. Dad said he did but that I didn't. The MP asked for my gun. I handed it to him without resistance, but felt really stupid after the fact because I gave it to him barrel first - unfortunately pointed in his general direction. He took it without incident, but I felt embarrassed for not pointing the barrel toward the ground in the process.

Then we tried to figure out what the gigantic antenna was for. Dad guessed that it was classified but he said he thought it had something to do with extending the range of antennas at Vandenberg Air Force Base.

Then we drove to Vandenberg and when we arrived it was suddenly daytime. It was clear that there was something big going on. There were all kinds of advanced aircraft flying around really low to the ground.

Dad and I and my brother and one of his friends were in a van. We saw a helicopter-like aircraft fly really low by us and we could see the pilot through the windows. It was a really beautiful woman with medium length blonde hair. She wasn't wearing a helmet.

Then all of sudden, the beautiful woman was in the van with us. She explained that she was able to sneak up on us without a sound and enter the van without even opening the door. She explained that they had advanced nanotechnology and the ability to move and reassemble atoms very quickly.

Then she took us to a place where there were spaceships from aliens and they said that we were selected as part of a small group of people that would now go with the aliens. She took us inside one of the alien spaceships.

The inside of the spaceship took us to another world that was filled with ancient hieroglyphics and giant aliens.

They explained that they had been looking for a human god to control the spaceship, and I naturally didn't want the job because I had so many flaws and limitations. Then they took me to the alien god who was in charge of the spaceship. He said, "This is for you and your list of limitations."

I was trying to explain to Dad that they had advanced nanotechnology and that they could do anything to us and then return us to perfect health. I tried to explain that there was nothing to fear because we had already been scanned.

Then we were in a giant building that went on forever and it was filled with sleeping mummies that were starting to come back to life in perfect health. I remember saying that I would like to be the walls and floor of that building.

Suddenly all the walls to the whole building turned into solid gold, and all the floors turned into gold colored marble with an interesting continuous grain. It was all beautiful.

Then the aliens started demonstrating that they could kill us and revive us to perfect health, even better than we were before.

Then things started attacking us. There was some kind of dog like creature running towards me. I just stood there waiting to see what would happen, knowing that I would be fine. Then a group of four aliens were coming towards me. Again, I stood my ground and didn't run.

They attacked me and did some damage then quickly called off their attack and walked away peacefully, and I was repaired to full health.

A bunch of stuff happened that is escaping my memory, but the last words of the dream were from the inside of a golden palace and the leader of the aliens said to me, "You're immortal soul is with us, the angels."

Then I woke up.

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