hopper

4 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Grasshopper \Grass"hop'per\, noun

1. (Zool.) Any jumping, orthopterous insect, of the families {Acridid[ae]} and {Locustid[ae]}, having large hind legs adapted for leaping, and chewing mouth parts. The species and genera are very numerous and some are very destructive to crops. The former family includes the Western grasshopper or locust ({Caloptenus spretus}), noted for the great extent of its ravages in the region beyond the Mississippi. In the Eastern United States the red-legged ({Caloptenus femurrubrum} and {C. atlanis}) are closely related species, but their ravages are less important. They are closely related to the migratory locusts of the Old World. See {Locust}. [1913 Webster +PJC]

Note: The meadow or green grasshoppers belong to the {Locustid[ae]}. They have long antenn[ae], large ovipositors, and stridulating organs at the base of the wings in the male. The European great green grasshopper ({Locusta viridissima}) belongs to this family. The common American green species mostly belong to {Xiphidium}, {Orchelimum}, and {Conocephalus}.

2. In ordinary square or upright pianos of London make, the escapement lever or jack, so made that it can be taken out and replaced with the key; -- called also the {hopper.} --Grove.

3. (Mil.) An antipersonnel mine that jumps from the ground to body height when activated, and explodes, hurling metal fragments over a wide area. [PJC]

4. A mixed alcoholic beverage containing cr['e]me de menthe, light cream, and sometimes cr['e]me de cacao. The name comes from its light green color. [PJC]

{Grasshopper engine}, a steam engine having a working beam with its fulcrum at one end, the steam cylinder at the other end, and the connecting rod at an intermediate point.

{Grasshopper lobster} (Zool.) a young lobster. [Local, U. S.]

{Grasshopper warbler} (Zool.), cricket bird.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Hopper \Hop"per\, noun [See 1st {Hop}.]

1. One who, or that which, hops.

2. A chute, box, or receptacle, usually funnel-shaped with an opening at the lower part, for delivering or feeding any material, as to a machine; as, the wooden box with its trough through which grain passes into a mill by joining or shaking, or a funnel through which fuel passes into a furnace, or coal, etc., into a car.

3. (Mus.) See {Grasshopper}, 2.

4. pl. A game. See {Hopscotch}. --Johnson.

5. (Zool.) (a) See {Grasshopper}, and {Frog hopper}, {Grape hopper}, {Leaf hopper}, {Tree hopper}, under {Frog}, {Grape}, {Leaf}, and {Tree}. (b) The larva of a cheese fly.

6. (Naut.) A vessel for carrying waste, garbage, etc., out to sea, so constructed as to discharge its load by a mechanical contrivance; -- called also {dumping scow}.

{Bell and hopper} (Metal.), the apparatus at the top of a blast furnace, through which the charge is introduced, while the gases are retained.

{Hopper boy}, a rake in a mill, moving in a circle to spread meal for drying, and to draw it over an opening in the floor, through which it falls.

{Hopper closet}, a water-closet, without a movable pan, in which the receptacle is a funnel standing on a draintrap.

{Hopper cock}, a faucet or valve for flushing the hopper of a water-closet.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Jack \Jack\ (j[a^]k), noun [F. Jacques James, L. Jacobus, Gr. ?, Heb. Ya 'aq[=o]b Jacob; prop., seizing by the heel; hence, a supplanter. Cf. {Jacobite}, {Jockey}.]

1. A familiar nickname of, or substitute for, John.

You are John Rugby, and you are Jack Rugby. --Shak.

2. An impertinent or silly fellow; a simpleton; a boor; a clown; also, a servant; a rustic. "Jack fool." --Chaucer.

Since every Jack became a gentleman, There 's many a gentle person made a Jack. --Shak.

3. A popular colloquial name for a sailor; -- called also {Jack tar}, and {Jack afloat}.

4. A mechanical contrivance, an auxiliary machine, or a subordinate part of a machine, rendering convenient service, and often supplying the place of a boy or attendant who was commonly called Jack; as: (a) A device to pull off boots. (b) A sawhorse or sawbuck. (c) A machine or contrivance for turning a spit; a smoke jack, or kitchen jack. (b) (Mining) A wooden wedge for separating rocks rent by blasting. (e) (Knitting Machine) A lever for depressing the sinkers which push the loops down on the needles. (f) (Warping Machine) A grating to separate and guide the threads; a heck box. (g) (Spinning) A machine for twisting the sliver as it leaves the carding machine. (h) A compact, portable machine for planing metal. (i) A machine for slicking or pebbling leather. (k) A system of gearing driven by a horse power, for multiplying speed. (l) A hood or other device placed over a chimney or vent pipe, to prevent a back draught. (m) In the harpsichord, an intermediate piece communicating the action of the key to the quill; -- called also {hopper}. (n) In hunting, the pan or frame holding the fuel of the torch used to attract game at night; also, the light itself. --C. Hallock.

5. A portable machine variously constructed, for exerting great pressure, or lifting or moving a heavy body such as an automobile through a small distance. It consists of a lever, screw, rack and pinion, hydraulic press, or any simple combination of mechanical powers, working in a compact pedestal or support and operated by a lever, crank, capstan bar, etc. The name is often given to a jackscrew, which is a kind of jack.

6. The small bowl used as a mark in the game of bowls. --Shak.

Like an uninstructed bowler who thinks to attain the jack by delivering his bowl straight forward upon it. --Sir W. Scott.

7. The male of certain animals, as of the ass.

8. (Zool.) (a) A young pike; a pickerel. (b) The jurel. (c) A large, California rock fish ({Sebastodes paucispinus}); -- called also {boccaccio}, and {m['e]rou}. (d) The wall-eyed pike.

9. A drinking measure holding half a pint; also, one holding a quarter of a pint. [Prov. Eng.] --Halliwell.

10. (Naut.) (a) A flag, containing only the union, without the fly, usually hoisted on a jack staff at the bowsprit cap; -- called also {union jack}. The American jack is a small blue flag, with a star for each State. (b) A bar of iron athwart ships at a topgallant masthead, to support a royal mast, and give spread to the royal shrouds; -- called also {jack crosstree}. --R. H. Dana, Jr.

11. The knave of a suit of playing cards.

12. (pl.) A game played with small (metallic, with tetrahedrally oriented spikes) objects (the jacks(1950+), formerly jackstones) that are tossed, caught, picked up, and arranged on a horizontal surface in various patterns; in the modern American game, the movements are accompanied by tossing or bouncing a rubber ball on the horizontal surface supporting the jacks. same as {jackstones}. [PJC]

13. Money. [slang] [PJC]

14. Apple jack. [PJC]

15. Brandy. [PJC]

Note: Jack is used adjectively in various senses. It sometimes designates something cut short or diminished in size; as, a jack timber; a jack rafter; a jack arch, etc.

{Jack arch}, an arch of the thickness of one brick.

{Jack back} (Brewing & Malt Vinegar Manuf.), a cistern which receives the wort. See under 1st {Back}.

{Jack block} (Naut.), a block fixed in the topgallant or royal rigging, used for raising and lowering light masts and spars.

{Jack boots}, boots reaching above the knee; -- worn in the 17 century by soldiers; afterwards by fishermen, etc.

{Jack crosstree}. (Naut.) See 10, b, above.

{Jack curlew} (Zool.), the whimbrel.

{Jack frame}. (Cotton Spinning) See 4 (g), above.

{Jack Frost}, frost or cold weather personified as a mischievous person.

{Jack hare}, a male hare. --Cowper.

{Jack lamp}, a lamp for still hunting and camp use. See def. 4 (n.), above.

{Jack plane}, a joiner's plane used for coarse work.

{Jack post}, one of the posts which support the crank shaft of a deep-well-boring apparatus.

{Jack pot} (Poker Playing), the name given to the stakes, contributions to which are made by each player successively, till such a hand is turned as shall take the "pot," which is the sum total of all the bets. See also {jackpot}.

{Jack rabbit} (Zool.), any one of several species of large American hares, having very large ears and long legs. The California species ({Lepus Californicus}), and that of Texas and New Mexico ({Lepus callotis}), have the tail black above, and the ears black at the tip. They do not become white in winter. The more northern prairie hare ({Lepus campestris}) has the upper side of the tail white, and in winter its fur becomes nearly white.

{Jack rafter} (Arch.), in England, one of the shorter rafters used in constructing a hip or valley roof; in the United States, any secondary roof timber, as the common rafters resting on purlins in a trussed roof; also, one of the pieces simulating extended rafters, used under the eaves in some styles of building.

{Jack salmon} (Zool.), the wall-eyed pike, or glasseye.

{Jack sauce}, an impudent fellow. [Colloq. & Obs.]

{Jack shaft} (Mach.), the first intermediate shaft, in a factory or mill, which receives power, through belts or gearing, from a prime mover, and transmits it, by the same means, to other intermediate shafts or to a line shaft.

{Jack sinker} (Knitting Mach.), a thin iron plate operated by the jack to depress the loop of thread between two needles.

{Jack snipe}. (Zool.) See in the Vocabulary.

{Jack staff} (Naut.), a staff fixed on the bowsprit cap, upon which the jack is hoisted.

{Jack timber} (Arch.), any timber, as a rafter, rib, or studding, which, being intercepted, is shorter than the others.

{Jack towel}, a towel hung on a roller for common use.

{Jack truss} (Arch.), in a hip roof, a minor truss used where the roof has not its full section.

{Jack tree}. (Bot.) See 1st {Jack}, noun

{Jack yard} (Naut.), a short spar to extend a topsail beyond the gaff.

{Blue jack}, blue vitriol; sulphate of copper.

{Hydraulic jack}, a jack used for lifting, pulling, or forcing, consisting of a compact portable hydrostatic press, with its pump and a reservoir containing a supply of liquid, as oil.

{Jack-at-a-pinch}. (a) One called upon to take the place of another in an emergency. (b) An itinerant parson who conducts an occasional service for a fee.

{Jack-at-all-trades}, one who can turn his hand to any kind of work.

{Jack-by-the-hedge} (Bot.), a plant of the genus {Erysimum} ({Erysimum alliaria}, or {Alliaria officinalis}), which grows under hedges. It bears a white flower and has a taste not unlike garlic. Called also, in England, {sauce-alone}. --Eng. Cyc.

{Jack-in-office}, an insolent fellow in authority. --Wolcott.

{Jack-in-the-bush} (Bot.), a tropical shrub with red fruit ({Cordia Cylindrostachya}).

{Jack-in-the-green}, a chimney sweep inclosed in a framework of boughs, carried in Mayday processions.

{Jack-of-the-buttery} (Bot.), the stonecrop ({Sedum acre}).

{Jack-of-the-clock}, a figure, usually of a man, on old clocks, which struck the time on the bell.

{Jack-on-both-sides}, one who is or tries to be neutral.

{Jack-out-of-office}, one who has been in office and is turned out. --Shak.

{Jack the Giant Killer}, the hero of a well-known nursery story.

{Yellow Jack} (Naut.), the yellow fever; also, the quarantine flag. See {Yellow flag}, under {Flag}.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

hopper

noun

1: funnel-shaped receptacle; contents pass by gravity into a receptacle below

2: someone who hops; "at hopscotch, the best hoppers are the children"

3: a machine used for picking hops [syn: {hop-picker}, {hopper}]

4: terrestrial plant-eating insect with hind legs adapted for leaping [syn: {grasshopper}, {hopper}]

5: (baseball) a hit that travels along the ground [syn: {grounder}, {ground ball}, {groundball}, {hopper}]


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Saturday, March 28, 2015 1:45:41 AM Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)

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