gluten

2 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Gluten \Glu"ten\, noun [L., glue: cf. F. gluten. See {Glue}.] (Chem.) The viscid, tenacious substance which gives adhesiveness to dough.

Note: Gluten is a complex and variable mixture of glutin or gliadin, vegetable fibrin, vegetable casein, oily material, etc., and is a very nutritious element of food. It may be separated from the flour of grain by subjecting this to a current of water, the starch and other soluble matters being thus washed out.

{Gluten bread}, bread containing a large proportion of gluten; -- used in cases of diabetes.

{Gluten casein} (Chem.), a vegetable proteid found in the seeds of grasses, and extracted as a dark, amorphous, earthy mass.

{Gluten fibrin} (Chem.), a vegetable proteid found in the cereal grains, and extracted as an amorphous, brownish yellow substance.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

gluten

noun

1: a protein substance that remains when starch is removed from cereal grains; gives cohesiveness to dough


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