3 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Complement \Com"ple*ment\, noun [L. complementun: cf. F. compl['e]ment. See {Complete}, verb (used with an object), and cf. {Compliment}.]

1. That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number required to fill a thing or make it complete.

2. That which is required to supply a deficiency, or to complete a symmetrical whole.

History is the complement of poetry. --Sir J. Stephen.

3. Full quantity, number, or amount; a complete set; completeness.

To exceed his complement and number appointed him which was one hundred and twenty persons. --Hakluyt.

4. (Math.) A second quantity added to a given quantity to make it equal to a third given quantity.

5. Something added for ornamentation; an accessory. [Obs.]

Without vain art or curious complements. --Spenser.

6. (Naut.) The whole working force of a vessel.

7. (Mus.) The interval wanting to complete the octave; -- the fourth is the complement of the fifth, the sixth of the third.

8. A compliment. [Obs.] --Shak.

{Arithmetical compliment of a logarithm}. See under {Logarithm}.

{Arithmetical complement of a number} (Math.), the difference between that number and the next higher power of 10; as, 4 is the complement of 6, and 16 of 84.

{Complement of an arc} or {Complement of an angle} (Geom.), the difference between that arc or angle and 90[deg].

{Complement of a parallelogram}. (Math.) See {Gnomon}.

{In her complement} (Her.), said of the moon when represented as full.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Complement \Com"ple*ment\, verb (used with an object)

1. To supply a lack; to supplement. [R.]

2. To compliment. [Obs.] --Jer. Taylor.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:



1: a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction

2: a complete number or quantity; "a full complement"

3: number needed to make up a whole force; "a full complement of workers" [syn: {complement}, {full complement}]

4: something added to complete or embellish or make perfect; "a fine wine is a perfect complement to the dinner"; "wild rice was served as an accompaniment to the main dish" [syn: {complement}, {accompaniment}]

5: one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response

6: either of two parts that mutually complete each other


1: make complete or perfect; supply what is wanting or form the complement to; "I need some pepper to complement the sweet touch in the soup"

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Friday, March 27, 2015 10:13:53 AM Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)