cler

2 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Ion \I"on\ ([imac]"[o^]n), noun [Gr. 'io'n, neut, of 'iw'n, p. pr. of 'ie'nai to go.]

1. (Elec. Chem.) an atom or goup of atoms (radical) carrying an electrical charge. It is contrasted with neutral atoms or molecules, and free radicals. Certain compounds, such as sodium chloride, are composed of complementary ions in the solid (crystalline) as well as in solution. Others, notably acids such as hydrogen chloride, may occur as neutral molecules in the pure liquid or gas forms, and ionize almost completely in dilute aqueous solutions. In solutions (as in water) ions are frequently bound non-covalently with the molecules of solvent, and in that case are said to be solvated. According to the electrolytic dissociation theory, the molecules of electrolytes are divided into ions by water and other solvents. An ion consists of one or more atoms and carries one unit charges of electricity, 3.4 x 10^{-10} electrostatic units, or a multiple of this. Those which are positively electrified (hydrogen and the metals) are called {cations}; negative ions (hydroxyl and acidic atoms or groups) are called {anions}.

Note: Thus, hydrochloric acid ({HCl}) dissociates, in aqueous solution, into the hydrogen ion, {H+}, and the chlorine ion, {Cl-}; ferric nitrate, {Fe(NO3)3}, yields the ferric ion, {Fe+++}, and nitrate ions, {NO3-}, {NO3-}, {NO3-}. When a solution containing ions is made part of an electric circuit, the cations move toward the cathode, the anions toward the anode. This movement is called migration, and the velocity of it differs for different kinds of ions. If the electromotive force is sufficient, electrolysis ensues: cations give up their charge at the cathode and separate in metallic form or decompose water, forming hydrogen and alkali; similarly, at the anode the element of the anion separates, or the metal of the anode is dissolved, or decomposition occurs. Aluminum and chlorine are elements prepared predominantly by such electrolysis, and depends on dissolving compounds in a solvent where the element forms ions. Electrolysis is also used in refining other metals, such as copper and silver. Cf. {Anion}, {Cation}. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. One of the small electrified particles into which the molecules of a gas are broken up under the action of the electric current, of ultraviolet and certain other rays, and of high temperatures. To the properties and behavior of ions the phenomena of the electric discharge through rarefied gases and many other important effects are ascribed. At low pressures the negative ions appear to be electrons; the positive ions, atoms minus an electron. At ordinary pressures each ion seems to include also a number of attached molecules. Ions may be formed in a gas in various ways. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

cl

adjective

1: being ten more than one hundred forty [syn: {one hundred fifty}, {150}, {cl}]

noun

1: a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water) [syn: {chlorine}, {Cl}, {atomic number 17}]

2: a metric unit of volume equal to one hundredth of a liter [syn: {centiliter}, {centilitre}, {cl}]


The dictionary definitions are retrieved from a local copy of two of the open source DICT dictionaries. Click here for the database copyright information. DEFINE.COM is registered as an educational NONPROFIT corporation. We aim to please around here. We believe in using positive reinforcement to get things done. We make suggestions that are intended to make life more enjoyable. We think about efficiency, automation, security, PRIVACY, social and ecological RESPONSIBILITY and positive HUMANITARIAN ethics and VALUES. We are benevolent. DO NO HARM is our motto.

OPEN and TRANSPARENT Say "Hell No!" to the TPP. PUBLIC INTEREST

Click here to read Wikileaks' TPP Investment Chapter: https://wikileaks.org/tpp-investment/press.html. This agreement is being kept secret from the world public for a good reason. It is decidedly NOT in the PUBLIC INTEREST. This is an example of the high level government corruption that results when diplomatic and intelligence processes are NOT OPEN and TRANSPARENT and ACCOUNTABLE. This is an example of a product of too much secrecy. It is naked corruption. Thank you Wikileaks.

President Barack Obama

Barack Obama, I thought you were supposed to be THE MOST OPEN and TRANSPARENT administration by all reasonable measures. You disappoint me with this TPP. You are NOT OPEN and TRANSPARENT. I know every phone call you make for every citizen without a warrant right now period. Constitutional scholar. Ubiquitous surveillance. Your CIVIL RIGHTS have been trampled upon. I know everyone you call. I know everyone you e-mail. I have your internet under surveillance. We provide the phone companies and ISPs with retroactive immunity around here. They don't mind cooperating with us. They are compelled by law to keep our arrangement a secret. What are they supposed to say? Your meta-data is PRIVATE. Who you talk to when and for how long is PRIVATE. Barack Obama, you have violated the PRIVACY of everyone who uses a telephone without a warrant that is based on probable cause. That is an abuse of power. I am calling it like it is. You are a charming and affable fellow but you screwed us. Don't give us this "It's just metadata" bullshit. It's every telephone relationship of every citizen updated every 24 hours period. I call a spade a spade.

PRIVATE Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton RESPONSIBILITY

Hillary Clinton, what is your position on the TPP? Do you have a hand in this mess? Are you in on this? Can you take credit for some of this? What do you know about this? Now that Wikileaks has exposed this, what do you have to say about it, as a potential Commander in Chief? Do you think this is a good idea or not as written here: https://wikileaks.org/tpp-investment/WikiLeaks-TPP-Investment-Chapter/page-1.html? We're all on the same page here. What do you think, are we reading the same document or not? Is this in the PUBLIC INTEREST? Here it is in black and white. Corruption enshrined in the world's biggest trade deal which is totally secret and hidden from the public. Elizabeth Warren thinks this is a bad deal. What do you think? Is this a RESPONSIBLE question for me to ask? "Fast-Track" my ass! This deal sucks for ordinary citizens and taxpayers. That's my opinion. I'd like to know yours.

United States of America Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Roberts

I know every phone call you make for every citizen without a warrant right now period. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States of America. Constitutional expert. Ubiquitous surveillance. I know everyone you call period. Your CIVIL RIGHTS have been trampled upon. You have no PRIVACY. Thank you Edward Snowden. While I may have some issues with the scope of your disclosures, I think this is wrong and that the citizens needed to know this. Our Commander in Chief and Congress and judicial system let us all down. They have all violated the PUBLIC TRUST. Mr. Citizens United has appointed some corrupt FISA judges who apparently don't respect the sanctity of the Fourth Amendment. The corruption is systemic. The system is broken. Click here for the HBO Documentary, "Citizenfour."

Amendment IV

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

My cell phone is one of my "effects," as referenced in the above paragraph. I'm sorry, you are all corrupt.

PRIVACY FREE SPEECH FREEDOM OF THE PRESS economic opportunity FREEDPM FOR ALL DO NO HARM LEGAL TENDER Monetary System TRADING SYSTEM Stock Market supercomputing We need better cryptography. supercomputing

The Law of The Land Caduceus

These are the kinds of things that I talk about.


Thursday, April 2, 2015 6:31:25 AM Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)

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