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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:
Calculate \Cal"cu*late\, verb (used without an object) [imp. & p. p. {Calculater}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Calculating}.] [L, calculatus, p. p. of calculate, fr. calculus a pebble, a stone used in reckoning; hence, a reckoning, fr. calx, calcis, a stone used in gaming, limestone. See {Calx}.]
1. To ascertain or determine by mathematical processes, usually by the ordinary rules of arithmetic; to reckon up; to estimate; to compute.
A calencar exacity calculated than any othe. --North.
2. To ascertain or predict by mathematical or astrological computations the time, circumstances, or other conditions of; to forecast or compute the character or consequences of; as, to calculate or cast one's nativity.
A cunning man did calculate my birth. --Shak.
3. To adjust for purpose; to adapt by forethought or calculation; to fit or prepare by the adaptation of means to an end; as, to calculate a system of laws for the government and protection of a free people.
[Religion] is . . . calculated for our benefit. --Abp. Tillotson.
4. To plan; to expect; to think. [Local, U. S.]
Syn: To compute; reckon; count; estimate; rate.
Usage: {To Calculate}, {Compute}. {Reckon}, {Count}. These words indicate the means by which we arrive at a given result in regard to quantity. We calculate with a view to obtain a certain point of knowledge; as, to calculate an eclipse. We compute by combining given numbers, in order to learn the grand result. We reckon and count in carrying out the details of a computation. These words are also used in a secondary and figurative sense. "Calculate is rather a conjection from what is, as to what may be; computation is a rational estimate of what has been, from what is; reckoning is a conclusive conviction, a pleasing assurance that a thing will happen; counting indicates an expectation. We calculate on a gain; we compute any loss sustained, or the amount of any mischief done; we reckon on a promised pleasure; we count the hours and minutes until the time of enjoyment arrives" --Crabb.
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:
Calculating \Cal"cu*la'ting\, noun The act or process of making mathematical computations or of estimating results.
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:
Calculating \Cal"cu*la'ting\, adjective
1. Of or pertaining to mathematical calculations; performing or able to perform mathematical calculations.
2. Given to contrivance or forethought; forecasting; scheming; as, a cool calculating disposition.
{Calculating machine}, a machine for the mechanical performance of mathematical operations, for the most part invented by Charles Babbage and G. and E. Scheutz. It computes logarithmic and other mathematical tables of a high degree of intricacy, imprinting the results on a leaden plate, from which a stereotype plate is then directly made.
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
adjective
1: used of persons; "the most calculating and selfish men in the community" [syn: {calculating}, {calculative}, {conniving}, {scheming}, {shrewd}]
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Definitions retrieved from the Open Source DICT Webster's English and WordNet 3.0 dictionaries. Click here for database copyright information.
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