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agnomen

3 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Name \Name\ (n[=a]m), noun [AS. nama; akin to D. naam, OS. & OHG. namo, G. name, Icel. nafn, for namn, Dan. navn, Sw. namn, Goth. nam[=o], L. nomen (perh. influenced by noscere, gnoscere, to learn to know), Gr. 'o'mona, Scr. n[=a]man. [root]267. Cf. {Anonymous}, {Ignominy}, {Misnomer}, {Nominal}, {Noun}.]

1. The title by which any person or thing is known or designated; a distinctive specific appellation, whether of an individual or a class.

Whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof. --Gen. ii. 19.

What's in a name? That which we call a rose By any other name would smell as sweet. --Shak.

2. A descriptive or qualifying appellation given to a person or thing, on account of a character or acts.

His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. --Is. ix. 6.

3. Reputed character; reputation, good or bad; estimation; fame; especially, illustrious character or fame; honorable estimation; distinction.

What men of name resort to him? --Shak.

Far above . . . every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come. --Eph. i. 21.

I will get me a name and honor in the kingdom. --1 Macc. iii. 14.

He hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin. --Deut. xxii. 19.

The king's army . . . had left no good name behind. --Clarendon.

4. Those of a certain name; a race; a family.

The ministers of the republic, mortal enemies of his name, came every day to pay their feigned civilities. --Motley.

5. A person, an individual. [Poetic]

They list with women each degenerate name. --Dryden.

{Christian name}. (a) The name a person receives at baptism, as distinguished from {surname}; baptismal name; in western countries, it is also called a {first name}. (b) A given name, whether received at baptism or not.

{Given name}. See under {Given}.

{In name}, in profession, or by title only; not in reality; as, a friend in name.

{In the name of}. (a) In behalf of; by the authority of. " I charge you in the duke's name to obey me." --Shak. (b) In the represented or assumed character of. "I'll to him again in name of Brook." --Shak.

{Name plate}, a plate as of metal, glass, etc., having a name upon it, as a sign; a doorplate.

{Pen name}, a name assumed by an author; a pseudonym or {nom de plume}. --Bayard Taylor.

{Proper name} (Gram.), a name applied to a particular person, place, or thing.

{To call names}, to apply opprobrious epithets to; to call by reproachful appellations.

{To take a name in vain}, to use a name lightly or profanely; to use a name in making flippant or dishonest oaths. --Ex. xx. 7.

Syn: Appellation; title; designation; cognomen; denomination; epithet.

Usage: {Name}, {Appellation}, {Title}, {Denomination}. Name is generic, denoting that combination of sounds or letters by which a person or thing is known and distinguished. Appellation, although sometimes put for name simply, denotes, more properly, a descriptive term (called also {agnomen} or {cognomen}), used by way of marking some individual peculiarity or characteristic; as, Charles the Bold, Philip the Stammerer. A title is a term employed to point out one's rank, office, etc.; as, the Duke of Bedford, Paul the Apostle, etc. Denomination is to particular bodies what appellation is to individuals; thus, the church of Christ is divided into different denominations, as Congregationalists, Episcopalians, Presbyterians, etc.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Agnomen \Ag*no"men\ ([a^]g*n[=o]"m[e^]n), noun [L.; ad + nomen name.]

1. An additional or fourth name given by the Romans, on account of some remarkable exploit or event; as, Publius Caius Scipio Africanus.

2. An additional name, or an epithet appended to a name; as, Aristides the Just.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

agnomen

noun

1: an additional name or an epithet appended to a name (as in 'Ferdinand the Great')


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