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abates

4 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Abate \A*bate"\ ([.a]*b[=a]t"), verb (used with an object) [imp. & p. p. {Abated}, p. pr. & vb. n. {Abating}.] [OF. abatre to beat down, F. abattre, LL. abatere; ab or ad + batere, battere (popular form for L. batuere to beat). Cf. {Bate}, {Batter}.]

1. To beat down; to overthrow. [Obs.]

The King of Scots . . . sore abated the walls. --Edw. Hall.

2. To bring down or reduce from a higher to a lower state, number, or degree; to lessen; to diminish; to contract; to moderate; to cut short; as, to abate a demand; to abate pride, zeal, hope.

His eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated. --Deut. xxxiv. 7.

3. To deduct; to omit; as, to abate something from a price.

Nine thousand parishes, abating the odd hundreds. --Fuller.

4. To blunt. [Obs.]

To abate the edge of envy. --Bacon.

5. To reduce in estimation; to deprive. [Obs.]

She hath abated me of half my train. --Shak.

6. (Law) (a) To bring entirely down or put an end to; to do away with; as, to abate a nuisance, to abate a writ. (b) (Eng. Law) To diminish; to reduce. Legacies are liable to be abated entirely or in proportion, upon a deficiency of assets.

{To abate a tax}, to remit it either wholly or in part.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Abate \A*bate"\ ([.a]*b[=a]t"), verb (used without an object) [See {Abate}, verb (used with an object)]

1. To decrease, or become less in strength or violence; as, pain abates, a storm abates.

The fury of Glengarry . . . rapidly abated. --Macaulay.

2. To be defeated, or come to naught; to fall through; to fail; as, a writ abates.

{To abate into a freehold}, {To abate in lands} (Law), to enter into a freehold after the death of the last possessor, and before the heir takes possession. See {Abatement}, 4.

Syn: To subside; decrease; intermit; decline; diminish; lessen.

Usage: To {Abate}, {Subside}. These words, as here compared, imply a coming down from some previously raised or excited state. Abate expresses this in respect to degrees, and implies a diminution of force or of intensity; as, the storm abates, the cold abates, the force of the wind abates; or, the wind abates, a fever abates. Subside (to settle down) has reference to a previous state of agitation or commotion; as, the waves subside after a storm, the wind subsides into a calm. When the words are used figuratively, the same distinction should be observed. If we conceive of a thing as having different degrees of intensity or strength, the word to be used is abate. Thus we say, a man's anger abates, the ardor of one's love abates, "Winter's rage abates". But if the image be that of a sinking down into quiet from preceding excitement or commotion, the word to be used is subside; as, the tumult of the people subsides, the public mind subsided into a calm. The same is the case with those emotions which are tumultuous in their nature; as, his passion subsides, his joy quickly subsided, his grief subsided into a pleasing melancholy. Yet if, in such cases, we were thinking of the degree of violence of the emotion, we might use abate; as, his joy will abate in the progress of time; and so in other instances.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Abate \A*bate"\ ([.a]*b[=a]t"), noun Abatement. [Obs.] --Sir T. Browne.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

abate

verb

1: make less active or intense [syn: {slake}, {abate}, {slack}]

2: become less in amount or intensity; "The storm abated"; "The rain let up after a few hours" [syn: {abate}, {let up}, {slack off}, {slack}, {die away}]


The dictionary definitions are retrieved from a local copy of two of the open source DICT dictionaries. Click here for the database copyright information. DEFINE.COM is registered as an educational NONPROFIT corporation. We aim to please around here. We believe in using positive reinforcement to get things done. We make suggestions that are intended to make life more enjoyable. We think about efficiency, automation, security, privacy, social and ecological responsibility and positive humanitarian ethics and values. We are benevolent. DO NO HARM is our motto.

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Saturday, March 7, 2015 1:39:47 AM Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)

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