TERM

3 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Term \Term\, noun [F. terme, L. termen, -inis, terminus, a boundary limit, end; akin to Gr. ?, ?. See {Thrum} a tuft, and cf. {Terminus}, {Determine}, {Exterminate}.]

1. That which limits the extent of anything; limit; extremity; bound; boundary.

Corruption is a reciprocal to generation, and they two are as nature's two terms, or boundaries. --Bacon.

2. The time for which anything lasts; any limited time; as, a term of five years; the term of life.

3. In universities, schools, etc., a definite continuous period during which instruction is regularly given to students; as, the school year is divided into three terms.

4. (Geom.) A point, line, or superficies, that limits; as, a line is the term of a superficies, and a superficies is the term of a solid.

5. (Law) A fixed period of time; a prescribed duration; as: (a) The limitation of an estate; or rather, the whole time for which an estate is granted, as for the term of a life or lives, or for a term of years. (b) A space of time granted to a debtor for discharging his obligation. (c) The time in which a court is held or is open for the trial of causes. --Bouvier.

Note: In England, there were formerly four terms in the year, during which the superior courts were open: Hilary term, beginning on the 11th and ending on the 31st of January; Easter term, beginning on the 15th of April, and ending on the 8th of May; Trinity term, beginning on the 22d day of May, and ending on the 12th of June; Michaelmas term, beginning on the 2d and ending on the 25th day of November. The rest of the year was called vacation. But this division has been practically abolished by the Judicature Acts of 1873, 1875, which provide for the more convenient arrangement of the terms and vacations. In the United States, the terms to be observed by the tribunals of justice are prescribed by the statutes of Congress and of the several States.

6. (Logic) The subject or the predicate of a proposition; one of the three component parts of a syllogism, each one of which is used twice.

The subject and predicate of a proposition are, after Aristotle, together called its terms or extremes. --Sir W. Hamilton.

Note: The predicate of the conclusion is called the major term, because it is the most general, and the subject of the conclusion is called the minor term, because it is less general. These are called the extermes; and the third term, introduced as a common measure between them, is called the mean or middle term. Thus in the following syllogism, Every vegetable is combustible; Every tree is a vegetable; Therefore every tree is combustible, combustible, the predicate of the conclusion, is the major term; tree is the minor term; vegetable is the middle term.

7. A word or expression; specifically, one that has a precisely limited meaning in certain relations and uses, or is peculiar to a science, art, profession, or the like; as, a technical term. "Terms quaint of law." --Chaucer.

In painting, the greatest beauties can not always be expressed for want of terms. --Dryden.

8. (Arch.) A quadrangular pillar, adorned on the top with the figure of a head, as of a man, woman, or satyr; -- called also {terminal figure}. See {Terminus}, noun, 2 and 3.

Note: The pillar part frequently tapers downward, or is narrowest at the base. Terms rudely carved were formerly used for landmarks or boundaries. --Gwilt.

9. (Alg.) A member of a compound quantity; as, a or b in a + b; ab or cd in ab - cd.

10. pl. (Med.) The menses.

11. pl. (Law) Propositions or promises, as in contracts, which, when assented to or accepted by another, settle the contract and bind the parties; conditions.

12. (Law) In Scotland, the time fixed for the payment of rents.

Note: Terms legal and conventional in Scotland correspond to quarter days in England and Ireland. There are two legal terms -- Whitsunday, May 15, and Martinmas, Nov. 11; and two conventional terms -- Candlemas, Feb. 2, and Lammas day, Aug.

1. --Mozley & W.

13. (Naut.) A piece of carved work placed under each end of the taffrail. --J. Knowels.

{In term}, in set terms; in formal phrase. [Obs.]

I can not speak in term. --Chaucer.

{Term fee} (Law) (a), a fee by the term, chargeable to a suitor, or by law fixed and taxable in the costs of a cause for each or any term it is in court.

{Terms of a proportion} (Math.), the four members of which it is composed.

{To bring to terms}, to compel (one) to agree, assent, or submit; to force (one) to come to terms.

{To make terms}, to come to terms; to make an agreement: to agree.

Syn: Limit; bound; boundary; condition; stipulation; word; expression.

Usage: {Term}, {Word}. These are more frequently interchanged than almost any other vocables that occur of the language. There is, however, a difference between them which is worthy of being kept in mind. Word is generic; it denotes an utterance which represents or expresses our thoughts and feelings. Term originally denoted one of the two essential members of a proposition in logic, and hence signifies a word of specific meaning, and applicable to a definite class of objects. Thus, we may speak of a scientific or a technical term, and of stating things in distinct terms. Thus we say, "the term minister literally denotes servant;" "an exact definition of terms is essential to clearness of thought;" "no term of reproach can sufficiently express my indignation;" "every art has its peculiar and distinctive terms," etc. So also we say, "purity of style depends on the choice of words, and precision of style on a clear understanding of the terms used." Term is chiefly applied to verbs, nouns, and adjectives, these being capable of standing as terms in a logical proposition; while prepositions and conjunctions, which can never be so employed, are rarely spoken of as terms, but simply as words.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Term \Term\, verb (used with an object) [imp. & p. p. {Termed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Terming}.] [See {Term}, noun, and cf. {Terminate}.] To apply a term to; to name; to call; to denominate.

Men term what is beyond the limits of the universe "imaginary space." --Locke.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

term

noun

1: a word or expression used for some particular thing; "he learned many medical terms"

2: a limited period of time; "a prison term"; "he left school before the end of term"

3: (usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement; "the contract set out the conditions of the lease"; "the terms of the treaty were generous" [syn: {condition}, {term}]

4: any distinct quantity contained in a polynomial; "the general term of an algebraic equation of the n-th degree"

5: one of the substantive phrases in a logical proposition; "the major term of a syllogism must occur twice"

6: the end of gestation or point at which birth is imminent; "a healthy baby born at full term" [syn: {term}, {full term}]

7: (architecture) a statue or a human bust or an animal carved out of the top of a square pillar; originally used as a boundary marker in ancient Rome [syn: {terminus}, {terminal figure}, {term}]

verb

1: name formally or designate with a term

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Spy on me.

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Fourth Amendment C-SPAN2 HD

I can't believe C-SPAN2 is not in HD on Comcast. What year is this? This video is U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell announcing that he was unable to get Section 215 of the Patriot Act extended. There was one more attempt on Sunday, May 31st, but the votes weren't there. Mitch McConnell thinks that the U.S. Government should have unlimited access to the phone records of every citizen. Who they call, when they call, from what location, every day for the whole populace based on a handful of SECRET warrants. I strongly disagree and believe that this is a clear and unambiguous and blatant violation of the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

Chief Justice of the United States of America Supreme Court ILLEGAL ABUSE CORRUPT POLITICIANS

Here's the Fourth Amendment from the U.S. Bill of Rights:

The right of the people to be SECURE in their PERSONS, houses, papers, and EFFECTS against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon PROBABLE CAUSE, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the PLACE to be searched, and the PERSONS or things to be seized.

General warrants are ILLEGAL. Giving a single SECRET warrant to a phone company compelling them to turn over all the call records of every subscriber is a general warrant and does not particularly specify a PERSON or PLACE to be searched based on PROBABLE CAUSE.

The SECRET FISA Court has been operating ILLEGALLY since George W. Bush was in office and all through the Barack Obama Administration. Both of these presidents have been SECRETLY doing something that is clearly and blatantly UNCONSTITUTIONAL. Chief Justice John Roberts has recused himself from any attempt to determine the Constitutionality of the warrantless mass surveillance. He did something blatantly unconstitutional with his FISA Court. He ABUSED his power.

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A Brief Explanation of Some Symptoms of My Mental Illness

My dream this morning. (2015-08-04: Approximately Noon Pacific Daylight Time)

I had an interesting dream today (Tuesday) around noon. I was sleeping in bed since 5 p.m. on Monday, the previous day. I went to bed around 1:30 a.m. Monday morning, but unfortunately, I failed to fall asleep. I remained alert in bed trying to fall asleep until 5 p.m. that day, when I finally fell alseep and slept until around 12:15 p.m. today, which is why I guess the dream happened around noon.

This morning I had totally awesome higher power superpower dreams.

It started off at Mizar Place where I was in a really weird altered state and my brother and Dad didn't trust me with anything dangerous. While in my altered state, I tried to explain to them that I knew what danger was. I used the stove as an example. I explained that the burner was hot and the pilot light had to stay lit or otherwise gas would escape and catch fire.

It was nighttime. I was standing in the kitchen. They were in the dining room.

Then there was a super loud arcing noise coming from what sounded like miles away. Just super loud electrical sparking type noise. So Dad and I went to investigate. We drove several blocks and about half a mile through residential neighborhoods until we found a military zone full of security guards, then we found the source of the noise.

There was a huge gigantic antenna about 300 feet tall that had been built behind the backyard of a house in the grass of the elementary school schoolyard. Somehow then we were behind the house in the schoolyard, close enough to see the flashes of light coming from inside the house and that the sparks were being channeled through a ducting system that was connected to an amplifier unit and broadcast in all directions through some kind of ultra, ultra loud and elaborate public address system in the schoolyard, as well as through the radio antenna.

There was a military cop that greeted us. Dad had a black Colt .45 semi-automatic pistol and I had a small silver-colored .22 semi-automatic pistol with a wooden grip. The cop asked us if we had permits for the guns. Dad said he did but that I didn't. The MP asked for my gun. I handed it to him without resistance, but felt really stupid after the fact because I gave it to him barrel first - unfortunately pointed in his general direction. He took it without incident, but I felt embarrassed for not pointing the barrel toward the ground in the process.

Then we tried to figure out what the gigantic antenna was for. Dad guessed that it was classified but he said he thought it had something to do with extending the range of antennas at Vandenberg Air Force Base.

Then we drove to Vandenberg and when we arrived it was suddenly daytime. It was clear that there was something big going on. There were all kinds of advanced aircraft flying around really low to the ground.

Dad and I and my brother and one of his friends were in a van. We saw a helicopter-like aircraft fly really low by us and we could see the pilot through the windows. It was a really beautiful woman with medium length blonde hair. She wasn't wearing a helmet.

Then all of sudden, the beautiful woman was in the van with us. She explained that she was able to sneak up on us without a sound and enter the van without even opening the door. She explained that they had advanced nanotechnology and the ability to move and reassemble atoms very quickly.

Then she took us to a place where there were spaceships from aliens and they said that we were selected as part of a small group of people that would now go with the aliens. She took us inside one of the alien spaceships.

The inside of the spaceship took us to another world that was filled with ancient hieroglyphics and giant aliens.

They explained that they had been looking for a human god to control the spaceship, and I naturally didn't want the job because I had so many flaws and limitations. Then they took me to the alien god who was in charge of the spaceship. He said, "This is for you and your list of limitations."

I was trying to explain to Dad that they had advanced nanotechnology and that they could do anything to us and then return us to perfect health. I tried to explain that there was nothing to fear because we had already been scanned.

Then we were in a giant building that went on forever and it was filled with sleeping mummies that were starting to come back to life in perfect health. I remember saying that I would like to be the walls and floor of that building.

Suddenly all the walls to the whole building turned into solid gold, and all the floors turned into gold colored marble with an interesting continuous grain. It was all beautiful.

Then the aliens started demonstrating that they could kill us and revive us to perfect health, even better than we were before.

Then things started attacking us. There was some kind of dog like creature running towards me. I just stood there waiting to see what would happen, knowing that I would be fine. Then a group of four aliens were coming towards me. Again, I stood my ground and didn't run.

They attacked me and did some damage then quickly called off their attack and walked away peacefully, and I was repaired to full health.

A bunch of stuff happened that is escaping my memory, but the last words of the dream were from the inside of a golden palace and the leader of the aliens said to me, "You're immortal soul is with us, the angels."

Then I woke up.

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