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Steel

3 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Steel \Steel\ (st[=e]l), noun [AS. st[=e]l, st[=y]l, st[=y]le; akin to D. staal, G. stahl, OHG. stahal, Icel. st[=a]l, Dan. staal, Sw. st[*a]l, Old Prussian stakla.]

1. (Metal) A variety of iron intermediate in composition and properties between wrought iron and cast iron (containing between one half of one per cent and one and a half per cent of carbon), and consisting of an alloy of iron with an iron carbide. Steel, unlike wrought iron, can be tempered, and retains magnetism. Its malleability decreases, and fusibility increases, with an increase in carbon.

2. An instrument or implement made of steel; as: (a) A weapon, as a sword, dagger, etc. "Brave Macbeth . . . with his brandished steel." --Shak.

While doubting thus he stood, Received the steel bathed in his brother's blood. --Dryden. (b) An instrument of steel (usually a round rod) for sharpening knives. (c) A piece of steel for striking sparks from flint.

3. Fig.: Anything of extreme hardness; that which is characterized by sternness or rigor. "Heads of steel." --Johnson. "Manhood's heart of steel." --Byron.

4. (Med.) A chalybeate medicine. --Dunglison.

Note: Steel is often used in the formation of compounds, generally of obvious meaning; as, steel-clad, steel-girt, steel-hearted, steel-plated, steel-pointed, etc.

{Bessemer steel} (Metal.) See in the Vocabulary.

{Blister steel}. (Metal.) See under {Blister}.

{Cast steel} (Metal.), a fine variety of steel, originally made by smelting blister or cementation steel; hence, ordinarily, steel of any process of production when remelted and cast.

{Chrome steel}, {Chromium steel} (Metal.), a hard, tenacious variety containing a little chromium, and somewhat resembling {tungsten steel}.

{Mild steel} (Metal.), a kind of steel having a lower proportion of carbon than ordinary steel, rendering it softer and more malleable.

{Puddled steel} (Metal.), a variety of steel produced from cast iron by the puddling process.

{Steel duck} (Zool.), the goosander, or merganser. [Prov. Eng.]

{Steel mill}. (a) (Firearms) See {Wheel lock}, under {Wheel}. (b) A mill which has steel grinding surfaces. (c) A mill where steel is manufactured.

{Steel trap}, a trap for catching wild animals. It consists of two iron jaws, which close by means of a powerful steel spring when the animal disturbs the catch, or tongue, by which they are kept open.

{Steel wine}, wine, usually sherry, in which steel filings have been placed for a considerable time, -- used as a medicine.

{Tincture of steel} (Med.), an alcoholic solution of the chloride of iron.

{Tungsten steel} (Metal.), a variety of steel containing a small amount of tungsten, and noted for its tenacity and hardness, as well as for its malleability and tempering qualities. It is also noted for its magnetic properties.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Steel \Steel\ (st[=e]l), verb (used with an object) [imp. & p. p. {Steeled} (st[=e]ld); p. pr. & vb. n. {Steeling}.] [AS. st[=y]lan: cf. Icel. staela. See {Steel}, noun]

1. To overlay, point, or edge with steel; as, to steel a razor; to steel an ax.

2. Fig.: To make hard or strong; hence, to make insensible or obdurate.

Lies well steeled with weighty arguments. --Shak.

O God of battles! steel my soldiers' hearts. --Shak.

Why will you fight against so sweet a passion, And steel your heart to such a world of charms? --Addison.

3. Fig.: To cause to resemble steel, as in smoothness, polish, or other qualities.

These waters, steeled By breezeless air to smoothest polish. --Wordsworth.

4. (Elec.) To cover, as an electrotype plate, with a thin layer of iron by electrolysis. The iron thus deposited is very hard, like steel.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

steel

noun

1: an alloy of iron with small amounts of carbon; widely used in construction; mechanical properties can be varied over a wide range

2: a cutting or thrusting weapon that has a long metal blade and a hilt with a hand guard [syn: {sword}, {blade}, {brand}, {steel}]

3: knife sharpener consisting of a ridged steel rod

verb

1: get ready for something difficult or unpleasant [syn: {steel}, {nerve}]

2: cover, plate, or edge with steel


The dictionary definitions are retrieved from a local copy of two of the open source DICT dictionaries. Click here for the database copyright information. DEFINE.COM is registered as an educational NONPROFIT corporation. We aim to please around here. We believe in using positive reinforcement to get things done. We make suggestions that are intended to make life more enjoyable. We think about efficiency, automation, security, privacy, social and ecological responsibility and positive humanitarian ethics and values. We are benevolent. DO NO HARM is our motto.

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