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Reaction

2 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Reaction \Re*ac"tion\ (r[-e]*[a^]k"sh[u^]n), noun [Cf. F. r['e]action.]

1. Any action in resisting other action or force; counter tendency; movement in a contrary direction; reverse action.

2. (Chem.) The mutual or reciprocal action of chemical agents upon each other, or the action upon such chemical agents of some form of energy, as heat, light, or electricity, resulting in a chemical change in one or more of these agents, with the production of new compounds or the manifestation of distinctive characters. See {Blowpipe reaction}, {Flame reaction}, under {Blowpipe}, and {Flame}.

3. (Med.) An action induced by vital resistance to some other action; depression or exhaustion of vital force consequent on overexertion or overstimulation; heightened activity and overaction succeeding depression or shock.

4. (Mech.) The force which a body subjected to the action of a force from another body exerts upon the latter body in the opposite direction.

Reaction is always equal and opposite to action, that is to say, the actions of two bodies upon each other are always equal and in opposite directions. --Sir I. Newton (3d Law of Motion).

5. (Politics) Backward tendency or movement after revolution, reform, or great progress in any direction.

The new king had, at the very moment at which his fame and fortune reached the highest point, predicted the coming reaction. --Macaulay.

6. (Psycophysics) A regular or characteristic response to a stimulation of the nerves. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

7. An action by a person or people in response to an event. The reaction may be primarily mental (" a reaction of surprise") but is usually manifested by some activity. [PJC]

{Reaction time} (Physiol.), in nerve physiology, the interval between the application of a stimulus to an end organ of sense and the reaction or resulting movement; -- called also {physiological time}.

{Reaction wheel} (Mech.), a water wheel driven by the reaction of water, usually one in which the water, entering it centrally, escapes at its periphery in a direction opposed to that of its motion by orifices at right angles, or inclined, to its radii.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

reaction

noun

1: (chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others; "there was a chemical reaction of the lime with the ground water" [syn: {chemical reaction}, {reaction}]

2: an idea evoked by some experience; "his reaction to the news was to start planning what to do"

3: a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some antecedent stimulus or agent; "a bad reaction to the medicine"; "his responses have slowed with age" [syn: {reaction}, {response}]

4: (mechanics) the equal and opposite force that is produced when any force is applied to a body; "every action has an equal and opposite reaction"

5: a response that reveals a person's feelings or attitude; "he was pleased by the audience's reaction to his performance"; "John feared his mother's reaction when she saw the broken lamp"

6: extreme conservatism in political or social matters; "the forces of reaction carried the election"

7: doing something in opposition to another way of doing it that you don't like; "his style of painting was a reaction against cubism"


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