REASON

4 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Reason \Rea"son\ (r[=e]"z'n), noun [OE. resoun, F. raison, fr. L. ratio (akin to Goth. ra[thorn]j[=o] number, account, gara[thorn]jan to count, G. rede speech, reden to speak), fr. reri, ratus, to reckon, believe, think. Cf. {Arraign}, {Rate}, {Ratio}, {Ration}.]

1. A thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; a just ground for a conclusion or an action; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation; the efficient cause of an occurrence or a phenomenon; a motive for an action or a determination; proof, more or less decisive, for an opinion or a conclusion; principle; efficient cause; final cause; ground of argument.

I'll give him reasons for it. --Shak.

The reason of the motion of the balance in a wheel watch is by the motion of the next wheel. --Sir M. Hale.

This reason did the ancient fathers render, why the church was called "catholic." --Bp. Pearson.

Virtue and vice are not arbitrary things; but there is a natural and eternal reason for that goodness and virtue, and against vice and wickedness. --Tillotson.

2. The faculty or capacity of the human mind by which it is distinguished from the intelligence of the inferior animals; the higher as distinguished from the lower cognitive faculties, sense, imagination, and memory, and in contrast to the feelings and desires. Reason comprises conception, judgment, reasoning, and the intuitional faculty. Specifically, it is the intuitional faculty, or the faculty of first truths, as distinguished from the understanding, which is called the discursive or ratiocinative faculty.

We have no other faculties of perceiving or knowing anything divine or human, but by our five senses and our reason. --P. Browne.

In common and popular discourse, reason denotes that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong, and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends. --Stewart.

Reason is used sometimes to express the whole of those powers which elevate man above the brutes, and constitute his rational nature, more especially, perhaps, his intellectual powers; sometimes to express the power of deduction or argumentation. --Stewart.

By the pure reason I mean the power by which we become possessed of principles. --Coleridge.

The sense perceives; the understanding, in its own peculiar operation, conceives; the reason, or rationalized understanding, comprehends. --Coleridge.

3. Due exercise of the reasoning faculty; accordance with, or that which is accordant with and ratified by, the mind rightly exercised; right intellectual judgment; clear and fair deductions from true principles; that which is dictated or supported by the common sense of mankind; right conduct; right; propriety; justice.

I was promised, on a time, To have reason for my rhyme. --Spenser.

But law in a free nation hath been ever public reason; the enacted reason of a parliament, which he denying to enact, denies to govern us by that which ought to be our law; interposing his own private reason, which to us is no law. --Milton.

The most probable way of bringing France to reason would be by the making an attempt on the Spanish West Indies. --Addison.

4. (Math.) Ratio; proportion. [Obs.] --Barrow.

{By reason of}, by means of; on account of; because of. "Spain is thin sown of people, partly by reason of the sterility of the soil." --Bacon.

{In reason},

{In all reason}, in justice; with rational ground; in a right view.

When anything is proved by as good arguments as a thing of that kind is capable of, we ought not, in reason, to doubt of its existence. --Tillotson.

{It is reason}, it is reasonable; it is right. [Obs.]

Yet it were great reason, that those that have children should have greatest care of future times. --Bacon.

Syn: Motive; argument; ground; consideration; principle; sake; account; object; purpose; design. See {Motive}, {Sense}.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Reason \Rea"son\ (r[=e]"z'n), verb (used without an object) [imp. & p. p. {Reasoned} (r[=e]"z'nd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Reasoning}.] [Cf. F. raisonner. See {Reason}, noun]

1. To exercise the rational faculty; to deduce inferences from premises; to perform the process of deduction or of induction; to ratiocinate; to reach conclusions by a systematic comparison of facts.

2. Hence: To carry on a process of deduction or of induction, in order to convince or to confute; to formulate and set forth propositions and the inferences from them; to argue.

Stand still, that I may reason with you, before the Lord, of all the righteous acts of the Lord. --1 Sam. xii. 7.

3. To converse; to compare opinions. --Shak.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Reason \Rea"son\, verb (used with an object)

1. To arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine or discuss by arguments; to debate or discuss; as, I reasoned the matter with my friend.

When they are clearly discovered, well digested, and well reasoned in every part, there is beauty in such a theory. --T. Burnet.

2. To support with reasons, as a request. [R.] --Shak.

3. To persuade by reasoning or argument; as, to reason one into a belief; to reason one out of his plan.

Men that will not be reasoned into their senses. --L'Estrange.

4. To overcome or conquer by adducing reasons; -- with down; as, to reason down a passion.

5. To find by logical processes; to explain or justify by reason or argument; -- usually with out; as, to reason out the causes of the librations of the moon.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

reason

noun

1: a rational motive for a belief or action; "the reason that war was declared"; "the grounds for their declaration" [syn: {reason}, {ground}]

2: an explanation of the cause of some phenomenon; "the reason a steady state was never reached was that the back pressure built up too slowly"

3: the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination; "we are told that man is endowed with reason and capable of distinguishing good from evil" [syn: {reason}, {understanding}, {intellect}]

4: the state of having good sense and sound judgment; "his rationality may have been impaired"; "he had to rely less on reason than on rousing their emotions" [syn: {rationality}, {reason}, {reasonableness}]

5: a justification for something existing or happening; "he had no cause to complain"; "they had good reason to rejoice" [syn: {cause}, {reason}, {grounds}]

6: a fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion; "there is reason to believe he is lying"

verb

1: decide by reasoning; draw or come to a conclusion; "We reasoned that it was cheaper to rent than to buy a house" [syn: {reason}, {reason out}, {conclude}]

2: present reasons and arguments [syn: {argue}, {reason}]

3: think logically; "The children must learn to reason"

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I can't believe C-SPAN2 is not in HD on Comcast. What year is this? This video is U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell announcing that he was unable to get Section 215 of the Patriot Act extended. There was one more attempt on Sunday, May 31st, but the votes weren't there. Mitch McConnell thinks that the U.S. Government should have unlimited access to the phone records of every citizen. Who they call, when they call, from what location, every day for the whole populace based on a handful of SECRET warrants. I strongly disagree and believe that this is a clear and unambiguous and blatant violation of the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

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Here's the Fourth Amendment from the U.S. Bill of Rights:

The right of the people to be SECURE in their PERSONS, houses, papers, and EFFECTS against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon PROBABLE CAUSE, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the PLACE to be searched, and the PERSONS or things to be seized.

General warrants are ILLEGAL. Giving a single SECRET warrant to a phone company compelling them to turn over all the call records of every subscriber is a general warrant and does not particularly specify a PERSON or PLACE to be searched based on PROBABLE CAUSE.

The SECRET FISA Court has been operating ILLEGALLY since George W. Bush was in office and all through the Barack Obama Administration. Both of these presidents have been SECRETLY doing something that is clearly and blatantly UNCONSTITUTIONAL. Chief Justice John Roberts has recused himself from any attempt to determine the Constitutionality of the warrantless mass surveillance. He did something blatantly unconstitutional with his FISA Court. He ABUSED his power.

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A Brief Explanation of Some Symptoms of My Mental Illness

My dream this morning. (2015-08-04: Approximately Noon Pacific Daylight Time)

I had an interesting dream today (Tuesday) around noon. I was sleeping in bed since 5 p.m. on Monday, the previous day. I went to bed around 1:30 a.m. Monday morning, but unfortunately, I failed to fall asleep. I remained alert in bed trying to fall asleep until 5 p.m. that day, when I finally fell alseep and slept until around 12:15 p.m. today, which is why I guess the dream happened around noon.

This morning I had totally awesome higher power superpower dreams.

It started off at Mizar Place where I was in a really weird altered state and my brother and Dad didn't trust me with anything dangerous. While in my altered state, I tried to explain to them that I knew what danger was. I used the stove as an example. I explained that the burner was hot and the pilot light had to stay lit or otherwise gas would escape and catch fire.

It was nighttime. I was standing in the kitchen. They were in the dining room.

Then there was a super loud arcing noise coming from what sounded like miles away. Just super loud electrical sparking type noise. So Dad and I went to investigate. We drove several blocks and about half a mile through residential neighborhoods until we found a military zone full of security guards, then we found the source of the noise.

There was a huge gigantic antenna about 300 feet tall that had been built behind the backyard of a house in the grass of the elementary school schoolyard. Somehow then we were behind the house in the schoolyard, close enough to see the flashes of light coming from inside the house and that the sparks were being channeled through a ducting system that was connected to an amplifier unit and broadcast in all directions through some kind of ultra, ultra loud and elaborate public address system in the schoolyard, as well as through the radio antenna.

There was a military cop that greeted us. Dad had a black Colt .45 semi-automatic pistol and I had a small silver-colored .22 semi-automatic pistol with a wooden grip. The cop asked us if we had permits for the guns. Dad said he did but that I didn't. The MP asked for my gun. I handed it to him without resistance, but felt really stupid after the fact because I gave it to him barrel first - unfortunately pointed in his general direction. He took it without incident, but I felt embarrassed for not pointing the barrel toward the ground in the process.

Then we tried to figure out what the gigantic antenna was for. Dad guessed that it was classified but he said he thought it had something to do with extending the range of antennas at Vandenberg Air Force Base.

Then we drove to Vandenberg and when we arrived it was suddenly daytime. It was clear that there was something big going on. There were all kinds of advanced aircraft flying around really low to the ground.

Dad and I and my brother and one of his friends were in a van. We saw a helicopter-like aircraft fly really low by us and we could see the pilot through the windows. It was a really beautiful woman with medium length blonde hair. She wasn't wearing a helmet.

Then all of sudden, the beautiful woman was in the van with us. She explained that she was able to sneak up on us without a sound and enter the van without even opening the door. She explained that they had advanced nanotechnology and the ability to move and reassemble atoms very quickly.

Then she took us to a place where there were spaceships from aliens and they said that we were selected as part of a small group of people that would now go with the aliens. She took us inside one of the alien spaceships.

The inside of the spaceship took us to another world that was filled with ancient hieroglyphics and giant aliens.

They explained that they had been looking for a human god to control the spaceship, and I naturally didn't want the job because I had so many flaws and limitations. Then they took me to the alien god who was in charge of the spaceship. He said, "This is for you and your list of limitations."

I was trying to explain to Dad that they had advanced nanotechnology and that they could do anything to us and then return us to perfect health. I tried to explain that there was nothing to fear because we had already been scanned.

Then we were in a giant building that went on forever and it was filled with sleeping mummies that were starting to come back to life in perfect health. I remember saying that I would like to be the walls and floor of that building.

Suddenly all the walls to the whole building turned into solid gold, and all the floors turned into gold colored marble with an interesting continuous grain. It was all beautiful.

Then the aliens started demonstrating that they could kill us and revive us to perfect health, even better than we were before.

Then things started attacking us. There was some kind of dog like creature running towards me. I just stood there waiting to see what would happen, knowing that I would be fine. Then a group of four aliens were coming towards me. Again, I stood my ground and didn't run.

They attacked me and did some damage then quickly called off their attack and walked away peacefully, and I was repaired to full health.

A bunch of stuff happened that is escaping my memory, but the last words of the dream were from the inside of a golden palace and the leader of the aliens said to me, "You're immortal soul is with us, the angels."

Then I woke up.

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