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Mountain

4 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Gun \Gun\ (g[u^]n), noun [OE. gonne, gunne; of uncertain origin; cf. Ir., Gael., & LL. gunna, W. gum; possibly (like cannon) fr. L. canna reed, tube; or abbreviated fr. OF. mangonnel, E. mangonel, a machine for hurling stones.]

1. A weapon which throws or propels a missile to a distance; any firearm or instrument for throwing projectiles, consisting of a tube or barrel closed at one end, in which the projectile is placed, with an explosive charge (such as guncotton or gunpowder) behind, which is ignited by various means. Pistols, rifles, carbines, muskets, and fowling pieces are smaller guns, for hand use, and are called {small arms}. Larger guns are called {cannon}, {ordnance}, {fieldpieces}, {carronades}, {howitzers}, etc. See these terms in the Vocabulary.

As swift as a pellet out of a gunne When fire is in the powder runne. --Chaucer.

The word gun was in use in England for an engine to cast a thing from a man long before there was any gunpowder found out. --Selden.

2. (Mil.) A piece of heavy ordnance; in a restricted sense, a cannon.

3. pl. (Naut.) Violent blasts of wind.

Note: Guns are classified, according to their construction or manner of loading as {rifled} or {smoothbore}, {breech-loading} or {muzzle-loading}, {cast} or {built-up guns}; or according to their use, as {field}, {mountain}, {prairie}, {seacoast}, and {siege guns}.

{Armstrong gun}, a wrought iron breech-loading cannon named after its English inventor, Sir William Armstrong.

{Big gun} or {Great gun}, a piece of heavy ordnance; hence (Fig.), a person superior in any way; as, bring in the big guns to tackle the problem.

{Gun barrel}, the barrel or tube of a gun.

{Gun carriage}, the carriage on which a gun is mounted or moved.

{Gun cotton} (Chem.), a general name for a series of explosive nitric ethers of cellulose, obtained by steeping cotton in nitric and sulphuric acids. Although there are formed substances containing nitric acid radicals, yet the results exactly resemble ordinary cotton in appearance. It burns without ash, with explosion if confined, but quietly and harmlessly if free and open, and in small quantity. Specifically, the lower nitrates of cellulose which are insoluble in ether and alcohol in distinction from the highest (pyroxylin) which is soluble. See {Pyroxylin}, and cf. {Xyloidin}. The gun cottons are used for blasting and somewhat in gunnery: for making celluloid when compounded with camphor; and the soluble variety (pyroxylin) for making collodion. See {Celluloid}, and {Collodion}. Gun cotton is frequenty but improperly called {nitrocellulose}. It is not a nitro compound, but an ester of nitric acid.

{Gun deck}. See under {Deck}.

{Gun fire}, the time at which the morning or the evening gun is fired.

{Gun metal}, a bronze, ordinarily composed of nine parts of copper and one of tin, used for cannon, etc. The name is also given to certain strong mixtures of cast iron.

{Gun port} (Naut.), an opening in a ship through which a cannon's muzzle is run out for firing.

{Gun tackle} (Naut.), the blocks and pulleys affixed to the side of a ship, by which a gun carriage is run to and from the gun port.

{Gun tackle purchase} (Naut.), a tackle composed of two single blocks and a fall. --Totten.

{Krupp gun}, a wrought steel breech-loading cannon, named after its German inventor, Herr Krupp.

{Machine gun}, a breech-loading gun or a group of such guns, mounted on a carriage or other holder, and having a reservoir containing cartridges which are loaded into the gun or guns and fired in rapid succession. In earlier models, such as the {Gatling gun}, the cartridges were loaded by machinery operated by turning a crank. In modern versions the loading of cartidges is accomplished by levers operated by the recoil of the explosion driving the bullet, or by the pressure of gas within the barrel. Several hundred shots can be fired in a minute by such weapons, with accurate aim. The {Gatling gun}, {Gardner gun}, {Hotchkiss gun}, and {Nordenfelt gun}, named for their inventors, and the French {mitrailleuse}, are machine guns.

{To blow great guns} (Naut.), to blow a gale. See {Gun}, noun, 3. [1913 Webster +PJC]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Mountain \Moun"tain\ (moun"t[i^]n), adjective

1. Of or pertaining to a mountain or mountains; growing or living on a mountain; found on or peculiar to mountains; among mountains; as, a mountain torrent; mountain pines; mountain goats; mountain air; mountain howitzer.

2. Like a mountain; mountainous; vast; very great.

The high, the mountain majesty of worth. --Byron.

{Mountain antelope} (Zool.), the goral.

{Mountain ash} (Bot.), an ornamental tree, the {Pyrus Americana} (or {Sorbus Americana}), producing beautiful bunches of red berries. Its leaves are pinnate, and its flowers white, growing in fragrant clusters. The European species is the {Pyrus aucuparia}, or rowan tree.

{Mountain barometer}, a portable barometer, adapted for safe transportation, used in measuring the heights of mountains.

{Mountain beaver} (Zool.), the sewellel.

{Mountain blue} (Min.), blue carbonate of copper; azurite.

{Mountain cat} (Zool.), the catamount. See {Catamount}.

{Mountain chain}, a series of contiguous mountain ranges, generally in parallel or consecutive lines or curves.

{Mountain cock} (Zool.), capercailzie. See {Capercailzie}.

{Mountain cork} (Min.), a variety of asbestus, resembling cork in its texture.

{Mountain crystal}. See under {Crystal}.

{Mountain damson} (Bot.), a large tree of the genus {Simaruba} ({Simaruba amarga}) growing in the West Indies, which affords a bitter tonic and astringent, sometimes used in medicine.

{Mountain dew}, Scotch whisky, so called because often illicitly distilled among the mountains. [Humorous]

{Mountain ebony} (Bot.), a small leguminous tree ({Bauhinia variegata}) of the East and West Indies; -- so called because of its dark wood. The bark is used medicinally and in tanning.

{Mountain flax} (Min.), a variety of asbestus, having very fine fibers; amianthus. See {Amianthus}.

{Mountain fringe} (Bot.), climbing fumitory. See under {Fumitory}.

{Mountain goat}. (Zool.) See {Mazama}.

{Mountain green}. (Min.) (a) Green malachite, or carbonate of copper. (b) See {Green earth}, under {Green}, adjective

{Mountain holly} (Bot.), a branching shrub ({Nemopanthes Canadensis}), having smooth oblong leaves and red berries. It is found in the Northern United States.

{Mountain laurel} (Bot.), an American shrub ({Kalmia latifolia}) with glossy evergreen leaves and showy clusters of rose-colored or white flowers. The foliage is poisonous. Called also {American laurel}, {ivy bush}, and {calico bush}. See {Kalmia}.

{Mountain leather} (Min.), a variety of asbestus, resembling leather in its texture.

{Mountain licorice} (Bot.), a plant of the genus {Trifolium} ({Trifolium Alpinum}).

{Mountain limestone} (Geol.), a series of marine limestone strata below the coal measures, and above the old red standstone of Great Britain. See Chart of {Geology}.

{Mountain linnet} (Zool.), the twite.

{Mountain magpie}. (Zool.) (a) The yaffle, or green woodpecker. (b) The European gray shrike.

{Mountain mahogany} (Bot.) See under {Mahogany}.

{Mountain meal} (Min.), a light powdery variety of calcite, occurring as an efflorescence.

{Mountain milk} (Min.), a soft spongy variety of carbonate of lime.

{Mountain mint}. (Bot.) See {Mint}.

{Mountain ousel} (Zool.), the ring ousel; -- called also {mountain thrush} and {mountain colley}. See {Ousel}.

{Mountain pride}, or {Mountain green} (Bot.), a tree of Jamaica ({Spathelia simplex}), which has an unbranched palmlike stem, and a terminal cluster of large, pinnate leaves.

{Mountain quail} (Zool.), the plumed partridge ({Oreortyx pictus}) of California. It has two long, slender, plumelike feathers on the head. The throat and sides are chestnut; the belly is brown with transverse bars of black and white; the neck and breast are dark gray.

{Mountain range}, a series of mountains closely related in position and direction.

{Mountain rice}. (Bot.) (a) An upland variety of rice, grown without irrigation, in some parts of Asia, Europe, and the United States. (b) An American genus of grasses ({Oryzopsis}).

{Mountain rose} (Bot.), a species of rose with solitary flowers, growing in the mountains of Europe ({Rosa alpina}).

{Mountain soap} (Min.), a soft earthy mineral, of a brownish color, used in crayon painting; saxonite.

{Mountain sorrel} (Bot.), a low perennial plant ({Oxyria digyna} with rounded kidney-form leaves, and small greenish flowers, found in the White Mountains of New Hampshire, and in high northern latitudes. --Gray.

{Mountain sparrow} (Zool.), the European tree sparrow.

{Mountain spinach}. (Bot.) See {Orach}.

{Mountain tobacco} (Bot.), a composite plant ({Arnica montana}) of Europe; called also {leopard's bane}.

{Mountain witch} (Zool.), a ground pigeon of Jamaica, of the genus {Geotrygon}.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Mountain \Moun"tain\, noun [OE. mountaine, montaine, F. montagne, LL. montanea, montania, fr. L. mons, montis, a mountain; cf. montanus belonging to a mountain. See 1st {Mount}.]

1. A large mass of earth and rock, rising above the common level of the earth or adjacent land; earth and rock forming an isolated peak or a ridge; an eminence higher than a hill; a mount.

2. pl. A range, chain, or group of such elevations; as, the White Mountains.

3. A mountainlike mass; something of great bulk; a large quantity.

I should have been a mountain of mummy. --Shak.

{The Mountain} (--La montagne) (French Hist.), a popular name given in 1793 to a party of extreme Jacobins in the National Convention, who occupied the highest rows of seats.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

mountain

noun

1: a land mass that projects well above its surroundings; higher than a hill [syn: {mountain}, {mount}]

2: (often followed by 'of') a large number or amount or extent; "a batch of letters"; "a deal of trouble"; "a lot of money"; "he made a mint on the stock market"; "see the rest of the winners in our huge passel of photos"; "it must have cost plenty"; "a slew of journalists"; "a wad of money" [syn: {batch}, {deal}, {flock}, {good deal}, {great deal}, {hatful}, {heap}, {lot}, {mass}, {mess}, {mickle}, {mint}, {mountain}, {muckle}, {passel}, {peck}, {pile}, {plenty}, {pot}, {quite a little}, {raft}, {sight}, {slew}, {spate}, {stack}, {tidy sum}, {wad}]

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Definitions retrieved from the Open Source DICT Webster's English and WordNet 3.0 dictionaries. Click here for database copyright information.

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