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Jack

10 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Jack \Jack\ (j[a^]k), noun [F. Jacques James, L. Jacobus, Gr. ?, Heb. Ya 'aq[=o]b Jacob; prop., seizing by the heel; hence, a supplanter. Cf. {Jacobite}, {Jockey}.]

1. A familiar nickname of, or substitute for, John.

You are John Rugby, and you are Jack Rugby. --Shak.

2. An impertinent or silly fellow; a simpleton; a boor; a clown; also, a servant; a rustic. "Jack fool." --Chaucer.

Since every Jack became a gentleman, There 's many a gentle person made a Jack. --Shak.

3. A popular colloquial name for a sailor; -- called also {Jack tar}, and {Jack afloat}.

4. A mechanical contrivance, an auxiliary machine, or a subordinate part of a machine, rendering convenient service, and often supplying the place of a boy or attendant who was commonly called Jack; as: (a) A device to pull off boots. (b) A sawhorse or sawbuck. (c) A machine or contrivance for turning a spit; a smoke jack, or kitchen jack. (b) (Mining) A wooden wedge for separating rocks rent by blasting. (e) (Knitting Machine) A lever for depressing the sinkers which push the loops down on the needles. (f) (Warping Machine) A grating to separate and guide the threads; a heck box. (g) (Spinning) A machine for twisting the sliver as it leaves the carding machine. (h) A compact, portable machine for planing metal. (i) A machine for slicking or pebbling leather. (k) A system of gearing driven by a horse power, for multiplying speed. (l) A hood or other device placed over a chimney or vent pipe, to prevent a back draught. (m) In the harpsichord, an intermediate piece communicating the action of the key to the quill; -- called also {hopper}. (n) In hunting, the pan or frame holding the fuel of the torch used to attract game at night; also, the light itself. --C. Hallock.

5. A portable machine variously constructed, for exerting great pressure, or lifting or moving a heavy body such as an automobile through a small distance. It consists of a lever, screw, rack and pinion, hydraulic press, or any simple combination of mechanical powers, working in a compact pedestal or support and operated by a lever, crank, capstan bar, etc. The name is often given to a jackscrew, which is a kind of jack.

6. The small bowl used as a mark in the game of bowls. --Shak.

Like an uninstructed bowler who thinks to attain the jack by delivering his bowl straight forward upon it. --Sir W. Scott.

7. The male of certain animals, as of the ass.

8. (Zool.) (a) A young pike; a pickerel. (b) The jurel. (c) A large, California rock fish ({Sebastodes paucispinus}); -- called also {boccaccio}, and {m['e]rou}. (d) The wall-eyed pike.

9. A drinking measure holding half a pint; also, one holding a quarter of a pint. [Prov. Eng.] --Halliwell.

10. (Naut.) (a) A flag, containing only the union, without the fly, usually hoisted on a jack staff at the bowsprit cap; -- called also {union jack}. The American jack is a small blue flag, with a star for each State. (b) A bar of iron athwart ships at a topgallant masthead, to support a royal mast, and give spread to the royal shrouds; -- called also {jack crosstree}. --R. H. Dana, Jr.

11. The knave of a suit of playing cards.

12. (pl.) A game played with small (metallic, with tetrahedrally oriented spikes) objects (the jacks(1950+), formerly jackstones) that are tossed, caught, picked up, and arranged on a horizontal surface in various patterns; in the modern American game, the movements are accompanied by tossing or bouncing a rubber ball on the horizontal surface supporting the jacks. same as {jackstones}. [PJC]

13. Money. [slang] [PJC]

14. Apple jack. [PJC]

15. Brandy. [PJC]

Note: Jack is used adjectively in various senses. It sometimes designates something cut short or diminished in size; as, a jack timber; a jack rafter; a jack arch, etc.

{Jack arch}, an arch of the thickness of one brick.

{Jack back} (Brewing & Malt Vinegar Manuf.), a cistern which receives the wort. See under 1st {Back}.

{Jack block} (Naut.), a block fixed in the topgallant or royal rigging, used for raising and lowering light masts and spars.

{Jack boots}, boots reaching above the knee; -- worn in the 17 century by soldiers; afterwards by fishermen, etc.

{Jack crosstree}. (Naut.) See 10, b, above.

{Jack curlew} (Zool.), the whimbrel.

{Jack frame}. (Cotton Spinning) See 4 (g), above.

{Jack Frost}, frost or cold weather personified as a mischievous person.

{Jack hare}, a male hare. --Cowper.

{Jack lamp}, a lamp for still hunting and camp use. See def. 4 (n.), above.

{Jack plane}, a joiner's plane used for coarse work.

{Jack post}, one of the posts which support the crank shaft of a deep-well-boring apparatus.

{Jack pot} (Poker Playing), the name given to the stakes, contributions to which are made by each player successively, till such a hand is turned as shall take the "pot," which is the sum total of all the bets. See also {jackpot}.

{Jack rabbit} (Zool.), any one of several species of large American hares, having very large ears and long legs. The California species ({Lepus Californicus}), and that of Texas and New Mexico ({Lepus callotis}), have the tail black above, and the ears black at the tip. They do not become white in winter. The more northern prairie hare ({Lepus campestris}) has the upper side of the tail white, and in winter its fur becomes nearly white.

{Jack rafter} (Arch.), in England, one of the shorter rafters used in constructing a hip or valley roof; in the United States, any secondary roof timber, as the common rafters resting on purlins in a trussed roof; also, one of the pieces simulating extended rafters, used under the eaves in some styles of building.

{Jack salmon} (Zool.), the wall-eyed pike, or glasseye.

{Jack sauce}, an impudent fellow. [Colloq. & Obs.]

{Jack shaft} (Mach.), the first intermediate shaft, in a factory or mill, which receives power, through belts or gearing, from a prime mover, and transmits it, by the same means, to other intermediate shafts or to a line shaft.

{Jack sinker} (Knitting Mach.), a thin iron plate operated by the jack to depress the loop of thread between two needles.

{Jack snipe}. (Zool.) See in the Vocabulary.

{Jack staff} (Naut.), a staff fixed on the bowsprit cap, upon which the jack is hoisted.

{Jack timber} (Arch.), any timber, as a rafter, rib, or studding, which, being intercepted, is shorter than the others.

{Jack towel}, a towel hung on a roller for common use.

{Jack truss} (Arch.), in a hip roof, a minor truss used where the roof has not its full section.

{Jack tree}. (Bot.) See 1st {Jack}, noun

{Jack yard} (Naut.), a short spar to extend a topsail beyond the gaff.

{Blue jack}, blue vitriol; sulphate of copper.

{Hydraulic jack}, a jack used for lifting, pulling, or forcing, consisting of a compact portable hydrostatic press, with its pump and a reservoir containing a supply of liquid, as oil.

{Jack-at-a-pinch}. (a) One called upon to take the place of another in an emergency. (b) An itinerant parson who conducts an occasional service for a fee.

{Jack-at-all-trades}, one who can turn his hand to any kind of work.

{Jack-by-the-hedge} (Bot.), a plant of the genus {Erysimum} ({Erysimum alliaria}, or {Alliaria officinalis}), which grows under hedges. It bears a white flower and has a taste not unlike garlic. Called also, in England, {sauce-alone}. --Eng. Cyc.

{Jack-in-office}, an insolent fellow in authority. --Wolcott.

{Jack-in-the-bush} (Bot.), a tropical shrub with red fruit ({Cordia Cylindrostachya}).

{Jack-in-the-green}, a chimney sweep inclosed in a framework of boughs, carried in Mayday processions.

{Jack-of-the-buttery} (Bot.), the stonecrop ({Sedum acre}).

{Jack-of-the-clock}, a figure, usually of a man, on old clocks, which struck the time on the bell.

{Jack-on-both-sides}, one who is or tries to be neutral.

{Jack-out-of-office}, one who has been in office and is turned out. --Shak.

{Jack the Giant Killer}, the hero of a well-known nursery story.

{Yellow Jack} (Naut.), the yellow fever; also, the quarantine flag. See {Yellow flag}, under {Flag}.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Jack \Jack\ (j[a^]k), noun [Pg. jaca, Malayalam, tsjaka.] (Bot.) A large tree, the {Artocarpus integrifolia}, common in the East Indies, closely allied to the breadfruit, from which it differs in having its leaves entire. The fruit is of great size, weighing from thirty to forty pounds, and through its soft fibrous matter are scattered the seeds, which are roasted and eaten. The wood is of a yellow color, fine grain, and rather heavy, and is much used in cabinetwork. It is also used for dyeing a brilliant yellow. [Written also {jak}.]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Jack \Jack\, noun [F. jaque, jacque, perh. from the proper name Jacques. Cf. {Jacquerie}.] A coarse and cheap medi[ae]val coat of defense, esp. one made of leather.

Their horsemen are with jacks for most part clad. --Sir J. Harrington.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Jack \Jack\, noun [Named from its resemblance to a jack boot.] A pitcher or can of waxed leather; -- called also {black jack}. [Obs.] --Dryden.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Jack \Jack\, verb (used without an object) To hunt game at night by means of a jack. See 2d {Jack}, noun, 4, noun

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Jack \Jack\, verb (used with an object) To move or lift, as a house, by means of a jack or jacks. See 2d {Jack}, noun, 5.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Pike \Pike\, noun [F. pique; perhaps of Celtic origin; cf. W. pig a prick, a point, beak, Arm. pik pick. But cf. also L. picus woodpecker (see {Pie} magpie), and E. spike. Cf. {Pick}, noun & v., {Peak}, {Pique}.]

1. (Mil.) A foot soldier's weapon, consisting of a long wooden shaft or staff, with a pointed steel head. It is now superseded by the bayonet.

2. A pointed head or spike; esp., one in the center of a shield or target. --Beau. & Fl.

3. A hayfork. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] --Tusser.

4. A pick. [Prov. Eng.] --Wright. Raymond.

5. A pointed or peaked hill. [R.]

6. A large haycock. [Prov. Eng.] --Halliwell.

7. A turnpike; a toll bar. --Dickens.

8. (Zool.) sing. & pl. A large fresh-water fish ({Esox lucius}), found in Europe and America, highly valued as a food fish; -- called also {pickerel}, {gedd}, {luce}, and {jack}.

Note: Blue pike, grass pike, green pike, wall-eyed pike, and yellow pike, are names, not of true pike, but of the wall-eye. See {Wall-eye}.

{Gar pike}. See under {Gar}.

{Pike perch} (Zool.), any fresh-water fish of the genus {Stizostedion} (formerly {Lucioperca}). See {Wall-eye}, and {Sauger}.

{Pike pole}, a long pole with a pike in one end, used in directing floating logs.

{Pike whale} (Zool.), a finback whale of the North Atlantic ({Bal[ae]noptera rostrata}), having an elongated snout; -- called also {piked whale}.

{Sand pike} (Zool.), the lizard fish.

{Sea pike} (Zool.), the garfish (a) .

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Jurel \Ju"rel\, noun (Zool.) A yellow carangoid fish of the Atlantic and Gulf coasts ({Caranx chrysos}), most abundant southward, where it is valued as a food fish; -- called also {hardtail}, {horse crevall['e]}, {jack}, {buffalo jack}, {skipjack}, {yellow mackerel}, and sometimes, improperly, {horse mackerel}. Other species of {Caranx} (as {Caranx fallax}) are also sometimes called jurel. Juridic

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Varlet \Var"let\, noun [OF. varlet, vaslet, vallet, servant, young man, young noble, dim. of vassal. See {Vassal}, and cf. {Valet}.]

1. A servant, especially to a knight; an attendant; a valet; a footman. [Obs.] --Spenser. Tusser.

2. Hence, a low fellow; a scoundrel; a rascal; as, an impudent varlet.

What a brazen-faced varlet art thou ! --Shak.

3. In a pack of playing cards, the court card now called the {knave}, or {jack}. [Obs.]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

jack

noun

1: a small worthless amount; "you don't know jack" [syn: {jack}, {doodly-squat}, {diddly-squat}, {diddlysquat}, {diddly-shit}, {diddlyshit}, {diddly}, {diddley}, {squat}, {shit}]

2: a man who serves as a sailor [syn: {mariner}, {seaman}, {tar}, {Jack-tar}, {Jack}, {old salt}, {seafarer}, {gob}, {sea dog}]

3: someone who works with their hands; someone engaged in manual labor [syn: {laborer}, {manual laborer}, {labourer}, {jack}]

4: immense East Indian fruit resembling breadfruit; it contains an edible pulp and nutritious seeds that are commonly roasted [syn: {jackfruit}, {jak}, {jack}]

5: a small ball at which players aim in lawn bowling

6: an electrical device consisting of a connector socket designed for the insertion of a plug

7: game equipment consisting of one of several small six-pointed metal pieces that are picked up while bouncing a ball in the game of jacks [syn: {jack}, {jackstones}]

8: small flag indicating a ship's nationality

9: one of four face cards in a deck bearing a picture of a young prince [syn: {jack}, {knave}]

10: tool for exerting pressure or lifting

11: any of several fast-swimming predacious fishes of tropical to warm temperate seas

12: male donkey [syn: {jack}, {jackass}]

verb

1: lift with a special device; "jack up the car so you can change the tire" [syn: {jack}, {jack up}]

2: hunt with a jacklight [syn: {jacklight}, {jack}]


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