From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:
Gallicanism \Gal"li*can*ism\, noun The principles, tendencies, or action of those, within the Roman Catholic Church in France, who (esp. in 1682) sought to restrict the papal authority in that country and increase the power of the national church. --Schaff-Herzog Encyc.
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
1: a religious movement originating among the French Roman Catholic clergy that favored the restriction of papal control and the achievement by each nation of individual administrative autonomy of the church
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