Fraction

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

**Fraction** \Frac"tion\, verb (used with an object) (Chem.)
To separate by means of, or to subject to, fractional
distillation or crystallization; to fractionate; --
frequently used with out; as, to **fraction** out a certain grade
of oil from pretroleum.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

**Fraction** \Frac"tion\, noun [F. **fraction**, L. fractio a breaking,
fr. frangere, fractum, to break. See {Break}.]

1. The act of breaking, or state of being broken, especially by violence. [Obs.]

Neither can the natural body of Christ be subject to
any **fraction** or breaking up. --Foxe.

Some niggard fractions of an hour. --Tennyson.

3. (Arith. or Alg.) One or more aliquot parts of a unit or whole number; an expression for a definite portion of a unit or magnitude.

{Common **fraction**}, or {Vulgar **fraction**}, a **fraction** in which
the number of equal parts into which the integer is
supposed to be divided is indicated by figures or letters,
called the denominator, written below a line, over which
is the numerator, indicating the number of these parts
included in the **fraction**; as 1/2, one half, 2/5, two
fifths.

{Complex **fraction**}, a **fraction** having a **fraction** or mixed
number in the numerator or denominator, or in both.
--Davies & Peck.

{Compound **fraction**}, a **fraction** of a **fraction**; two or more
fractions connected by of.

{Continued **fraction**}, {Decimal **fraction**}, {Partial **fraction**},
etc. See under {Continued}, {Decimal}, {Partial}, etc.

{Improper **fraction**}, a **fraction** in which the numerator is
greater than the denominator.

{Proper **fraction**}, a **fraction** in which the numerator is less
than the denominator.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Angle \An"gle\ ([a^][ng]"g'l), noun [F. angle, L. angulus angle, corner; akin to uncus hook, Gr. 'agky'los bent, crooked, angular, 'a'gkos a bend or hollow, AS. angel hook, fish-hook, G. angel, and F. anchor.]

1. The inclosed space near the point where two lines meet; a corner; a nook.

Into the utmost angle of the world. --Spenser.

To search the tenderest angles of the heart. --Milton.

2. (Geom.) (a) The figure made by. two lines which meet. (b) The difference of direction of two lines. In the lines meet, the point of meeting is the vertex of the angle.

3. A projecting or sharp corner; an angular fragment.

Though but an angle reached him of the stone. --Dryden.

4. (Astrol.) A name given to four of the twelve astrological "houses." [Obs.] --Chaucer.

5. [AS. angel.] A fishhook; tackle for catching fish, consisting of a line, hook, and bait, with or without a rod.

Give me mine angle: we 'll to the river there. --Shak.

A fisher next his trembling angle bears. --Pope.

{Acute angle}, one less than a right angle, or less than 90[deg].

{Adjacent} or {Contiguous angles}, such as have one leg common to both angles.

{Alternate angles}. See {Alternate}.

{Angle bar}. (a) (Carp.) An upright bar at the angle where two faces of a polygonal or bay window meet. --Knight. (b) (Mach.) Same as {Angle iron}.

{Angle bead} (Arch.), a bead worked on or fixed to the angle of any architectural work, esp. for protecting an angle of a wall.

{Angle brace}, {Angle tie} (Carp.), a brace across an interior angle of a wooden frame, forming the hypothenuse and securing the two side pieces together. --Knight.

{Angle iron} (Mach.), a rolled bar or plate of iron having one or more angles, used for forming the corners, or connecting or sustaining the sides of an iron structure to which it is riveted.

{Angle leaf} (Arch.), a detail in the form of a leaf, more or less conventionalized, used to decorate and sometimes to strengthen an angle.

{Angle meter}, an instrument for measuring angles, esp. for ascertaining the dip of strata.

{Angle shaft} (Arch.), an enriched angle bead, often having a capital or base, or both.

{Curvilineal angle}, one formed by two curved lines.

{External angles}, angles formed by the sides of any right-lined figure, when the sides are produced or lengthened.

{Facial angle}. See under {Facial}.

{Internal angles}, those which are within any right-lined figure.

{Mixtilineal angle}, one formed by a right line with a curved line.

{Oblique angle}, one acute or obtuse, in opposition to a right angle.

{Obtuse angle}, one greater than a right angle, or more than 90[deg].

{Optic angle}. See under {Optic}.

{Rectilineal} or {Right-lined angle}, one formed by two right lines.

{Right angle}, one formed by a right line falling on another perpendicularly, or an angle of 90[deg] (measured by a quarter circle).

{Solid angle}, the figure formed by the meeting of three or more plane angles at one point.

{Spherical angle}, one made by the meeting of two arcs of great circles, which mutually cut one another on the surface of a globe or sphere.

{Visual angle}, the angle formed by two rays of light, or two straight lines drawn from the extreme points of an object to the center of the eye.

{For Angles of commutation}, {draught}, {incidence},
{reflection}, {refraction}, {position}, {repose}, {**fraction**},
see {Commutation}, {Draught}, {Incidence}, {Reflection},
{Refraction}, etc.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

noun

1: a component of a mixture that has been separated by a fractional process

2: a small part or item forming a piece of a whole

3: the quotient of two rational numbers

verb

1: perform a division; "Can you divide 49 by seven?" [syn:
{divide}, {**fraction**}] [ant: {multiply}]

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