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Division

3 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Compound \Com"pound\, adjective [OE. compouned, p. p. of compounen. See {Compound}, verb (used with an object)] Composed of two or more elements, ingredients, parts; produced by the union of several ingredients, parts, or things; composite; as, a compound word.

Compound substances are made up of two or more simple substances. --I. Watts.

{Compound addition}, {subtraction}, {multiplication}, {division} (Arith.), the addition, subtraction, etc., of compound numbers.

{Compound crystal} (Crystallog.), a twin crystal, or one seeming to be made up of two or more crystals combined according to regular laws of composition.

{Compound engine} (Mech.), a form of steam engine in which the steam that has been used in a high-pressure cylinder is made to do further service in a larger low-pressure cylinder, sometimes in several larger cylinders, successively.

{Compound ether}. (Chem.) See under {Ether}.

{Compound flower} (Bot.), a flower head resembling a single flower, but really composed of several florets inclosed in a common calyxlike involucre, as the sunflower or dandelion.

{Compound fraction}. (Math.) See {Fraction}.

{Compound fracture}. See {Fracture}.

{Compound householder}, a householder who compounds or arranges with his landlord that his rates shall be included in his rents. [Eng.]

{Compound interest}. See {Interest}.

{Compound larceny}. (Law) See {Larceny}.

{Compound leaf} (Bot.), a leaf having two or more separate blades or leaflets on a common leafstalk.

{Compound microscope}. See {Microscope}.

{Compound motion}. See {Motion}.

{Compound number} (Math.), one constructed according to a varying scale of denomination; as, 3 cwt., 1 qr., 5 lb.; -- called also {denominate number}.

{Compound pier} (Arch.), a clustered column.

{Compound quantity} (Alg.), a quantity composed of two or more simple quantities or terms, connected by the sign + (plus) or - (minus). Thus, a + b - c, and bb - b, are compound quantities.

{Compound radical}. (Chem.) See {Radical}.

{Compound ratio} (Math.), the product of two or more ratios; thus ab:cd is a ratio compounded of the simple ratios a:c and b:d.

{Compound rest} (Mech.), the tool carriage of an engine lathe.

{Compound screw} (Mech.), a screw having on the same axis two or more screws with different pitch (a differential screw), or running in different directions (a right and left screw).

{Compound time} (Mus.), that in which two or more simple measures are combined in one; as, 6-8 time is the joining of two measures of 3-8 time.

{Compound word}, a word composed of two or more words; specifically, two or more words joined together by a hyphen.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Division \Di*vi"sion\, noun [F. division, L. divisio, from dividere. See {Divide}.]

1. The act or process of diving anything into parts, or the state of being so divided; separation.

I was overlooked in the division of the spoil. --Gibbon.

2. That which divides or keeps apart; a partition.

3. The portion separated by the divining of a mass or body; a distinct segment or section.

Communities and divisions of men. --Addison.

4. Disunion; difference in opinion or feeling; discord; variance; alienation.

There was a division among the people. --John vii. 43.

5. Difference of condition; state of distinction; distinction; contrast. --Chaucer.

I will put a division between my people and thy people. --Ex. viii. 23.

6. Separation of the members of a deliberative body, esp. of the Houses of Parliament, to ascertain the vote.

The motion passed without a division. --Macaulay.

7. (Math.) The process of finding how many times one number or quantity is contained in another; the reverse of multiplication; also, the rule by which the operation is performed.

8. (Logic) The separation of a genus into its constituent species.

9. (Mil.) (a) Two or more brigades under the command of a general officer. (b) Two companies of infantry maneuvering as one subdivision of a battalion. (c) One of the larger districts into which a country is divided for administering military affairs.

10. (Naut.) One of the groups into which a fleet is divided.

11. (Mus.) A course of notes so running into each other as to form one series or chain, to be sung in one breath to one syllable.

12. (Rhet.) The distribution of a discourse into parts; a part so distinguished.

13. (Biol.) A grade or rank in classification; a portion of a tribe or of a class; or, in some recent authorities, equivalent to a subkingdom.

{Cell division} (Biol.), a method of cell increase, in which new cells are formed by the division of the parent cell. In this process, the cell nucleus undergoes peculiar differentiations and changes, as shown in the figure (see also {Karyokinesis}). At the same time the protoplasm of the cell becomes gradually constricted by a furrow transverse to the long axis of the nuclear spindle, followed, on the completion of the division of the nucleus, by a separation of the cell contents into two masses, called the daughter cells.

{Long division} (Math.), the process of division when the operations are mostly written down.

{Short division} (Math.), the process of division when the operations are mentally performed and only the results written down; -- used principally when the divisor is not greater than ten or twelve.

Syn: compartment; section; share; allotment; distribution; separation; partition; disjunction; disconnection; difference; variance; discord; disunion.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

division

noun

1: an army unit large enough to sustain combat; "two infantry divisions were held in reserve"

2: one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole; "the written part of the exam"; "the finance section of the company"; "the BBC's engineering division" [syn: {part}, {section}, {division}]

3: the act or process of dividing

4: an administrative unit in government or business

5: discord that splits a group [syn: {division}, {variance}]

6: a league ranked by quality; "he played baseball in class D for two years"; "Princeton is in the NCAA Division 1-AA" [syn: {class}, {division}]

7: (biology) a group of organisms forming a subdivision of a larger category

8: (botany) taxonomic unit of plants corresponding to a phylum

9: a unit of the United States Air Force usually comprising two or more wings [syn: {division}, {air division}]

10: a group of ships of similar type [syn: {division}, {naval division}]

11: an arithmetic operation that is the inverse of multiplication; the quotient of two numbers is computed

12: the act of dividing or partitioning; separation by the creation of a boundary that divides or keeps apart [syn: {division}, {partition}, {partitioning}, {segmentation}, {sectionalization}, {sectionalisation}]


The dictionary definitions are retrieved from a local copy of two of the open source DICT dictionaries. Click here for the database copyright information. DEFINE.COM is registered as an educational NONPROFIT corporation. We aim to please around here. We believe in using positive reinforcement to get things done. We make suggestions that are intended to make life more enjoyable. We think about efficiency, automation, security, privacy, social and ecological responsibility and positive humanitarian ethics and values. We are benevolent. DO NO HARM is our motto.

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Friday, March 6, 2015 2:10:04 PM Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)

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