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Dismay

4 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Dismay \Dis*may"\, verb (used with an object) [imp. & p. p. {Dismayed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Dismaying}.] [OE. desmaien, dismaien, OF. esmaier; pref. es- (L. ex) + OHG. magan to be strong or able; akin to E. may. In English the pref. es- was changed to dis- (L. dis-). See {May}, verb (used without an object)]

1. To disable with alarm or apprehensions; to depress the spirits or courage of; to deprive or firmness and energy through fear; to daunt; to appall; to terrify.

Be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed. --Josh. i. 9.

What words be these? What fears do you dismay? --Fairfax.

2. To render lifeless; to subdue; to disquiet. [Obs.]

Do not dismay yourself for this. --Spenser.

Syn: To terrify; fright; affright; frighten; appall; daunt; dishearthen; dispirit; discourage; deject; depress. -- To {Dismay}, {Daunt}, {Appall}. Dismay denotes a state of deep and gloomy apprehension. To daunt supposes something more sudden and startling. To appall is the strongest term, implying a sense of terror which overwhelms the faculties.

So flies a herd of beeves, that hear, dismayed, The lions roaring through the midnight shade. --Pope.

Jove got such heroes as my sire, whose soul No fear could daunt, nor earth nor hell control. --Pope.

Now the last ruin the whole host appalls; Now Greece has trembled in her wooden walls. --Pope.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Dismay \Dis*may"\, verb (used without an object) To take dismay or fright; to be filled with dismay. [Obs.] --Shak.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Dismay \Dis*may"\, noun [Cf. OF. esmai, F. ['e]moi. See {Dismay}, verb (used with an object)]

1. Loss of courage and firmness through fear; overwhelming and disabling terror; a sinking of the spirits; consternation.

I . . . can not think of such a battle without dismay. --Macaulay.

Thou with a tiger spring dost leap upon thy prey, And tear his helpless breast, o'erwhelmed with wild dismay. --Mrs. Barbauld.

2. Condition fitted to dismay; ruin. --Spenser.

Syn: Dejection; discouragement; depression; fear; fright; terror; apprehension; alarm; affright.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

dismay

noun

1: the feeling of despair in the face of obstacles [syn: {discouragement}, {disheartenment}, {dismay}]

2: fear resulting from the awareness of danger [syn: {alarm}, {dismay}, {consternation}]

verb

1: lower someone's spirits; make downhearted; "These news depressed her"; "The bad state of her child's health demoralizes her" [syn: {depress}, {deject}, {cast down}, {get down}, {dismay}, {dispirit}, {demoralize}, {demoralise}] [ant: {elate}, {intoxicate}, {lift up}, {pick up}, {uplift}]

2: fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised; "I was horrified at the thought of being late for my interview"; "The news of the executions horrified us" [syn: {dismay}, {alarm}, {appal}, {appall}, {horrify}]


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