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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:
Complement \Com"ple*ment\, noun [L. complementun: cf. F. compl['e]ment. See {Complete}, verb (used with an object), and cf. {Compliment}.]
1. That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number required to fill a thing or make it complete.
2. That which is required to supply a deficiency, or to complete a symmetrical whole.
History is the complement of poetry. --Sir J. Stephen.
3. Full quantity, number, or amount; a complete set; completeness.
To exceed his complement and number appointed him which was one hundred and twenty persons. --Hakluyt.
4. (Math.) A second quantity added to a given quantity to make it equal to a third given quantity.
5. Something added for ornamentation; an accessory. [Obs.]
Without vain art or curious complements. --Spenser.
6. (Naut.) The whole working force of a vessel.
7. (Mus.) The interval wanting to complete the octave; -- the fourth is the complement of the fifth, the sixth of the third.
8. A compliment. [Obs.] --Shak.
{Arithmetical compliment of a logarithm}. See under {Logarithm}.
{Arithmetical complement of a number} (Math.), the difference between that number and the next higher power of 10; as, 4 is the complement of 6, and 16 of 84.
{Complement of an arc} or {Complement of an angle} (Geom.), the difference between that arc or angle and 90[deg].
{Complement of a parallelogram}. (Math.) See {Gnomon}.
{In her complement} (Her.), said of the moon when represented as full.
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Definitions retrieved from the Open Source DICT English and WordNet 3.0 dictionaries. Click here for database copyright information.
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