Cells

4 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Priory \Pri"o*ry\, noun; pl. {Priories}. [Cf. LL. prioria. See {Prior}, noun] A religious house presided over by a prior or prioress; -- sometimes an offshoot of, an subordinate to, an abbey, and called also {cell}, and {obedience}. See {Cell}, 2.

Note: Of such houses there were two sorts: one where the prior was chosen by the inmates, and governed as independently as an abbot in an abbey; the other where the priory was subordinate to an abbey, and the prior was placed or displaced at the will of the abbot.

{Alien priory}, a small religious house dependent on a large monastery in some other country.

Syn: See {Cloister}.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Cell \Cell\, noun [OF. celle, fr. L. cella; akin to celare to hide, and E. hell, helm, conceal. Cf. {Hall}.]

1. A very small and close apartment, as in a prison or in a monastery or convent; the hut of a hermit.

The heroic confessor in his cell. --Macaulay.

2. A small religious house attached to a monastery or convent. "Cells or dependent priories." --Milman.

3. Any small cavity, or hollow place.

4. (Arch.) (a) The space between the ribs of a vaulted roof. (b) Same as {Cella}.

5. (Elec.) A jar of vessel, or a division of a compound vessel, for holding the exciting fluid of a battery.

6. (Biol.) One of the minute elementary structures, of which the greater part of the various tissues and organs of animals and plants are composed.

Note: All cells have their origin in the primary cell from which the organism was developed. In the lowest animal and vegetable forms, one single cell constitutes the complete individual, such being called unicelluter orgamisms. A typical cell is composed of a semifluid mass of protoplasm, more or less granular, generally containing in its center a nucleus which in turn frequently contains one or more nucleoli, the whole being surrounded by a thin membrane, the cell wall. In some cells, as in those of blood, in the am[oe]ba, and in embryonic cells (both vegetable and animal), there is no restricting cell wall, while in some of the unicelluliar organisms the nucleus is wholly wanting. See Illust. of {Bipolar}.

{Air cell}. See {Air cell}.

{Cell development} (called also {cell genesis}, {cell formation}, and {cytogenesis}), the multiplication, of cells by a process of reproduction under the following common forms; segmentation or fission, gemmation or budding, karyokinesis, and endogenous multiplication. See {Segmentation}, {Gemmation}, etc.

{Cell theory}. (Biol.) See {Cellular theory}, under {Cellular}.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Cell \Cell\ (s[e^]l), verb (used with an object) [imp. & p. p. {Celled} (s[e^]ld).] To place or inclose in a cell. "Celled under ground." [R.] --Warner.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

cell

noun

1: any small compartment; "the cells of a honeycomb"

2: (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals

3: a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction [syn: {cell}, {electric cell}]

4: a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement [syn: {cell}, {cadre}]

5: a hand-held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short-range transmitter/receiver [syn: {cellular telephone}, {cellular phone}, {cellphone}, {cell}, {mobile phone}]

6: small room in which a monk or nun lives [syn: {cell}, {cubicle}]

7: a room where a prisoner is kept [syn: {cell}, {jail cell}, {prison cell}]


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