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Cast

6 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Gun \Gun\ (g[u^]n), noun [OE. gonne, gunne; of uncertain origin; cf. Ir., Gael., & LL. gunna, W. gum; possibly (like cannon) fr. L. canna reed, tube; or abbreviated fr. OF. mangonnel, E. mangonel, a machine for hurling stones.]

1. A weapon which throws or propels a missile to a distance; any firearm or instrument for throwing projectiles, consisting of a tube or barrel closed at one end, in which the projectile is placed, with an explosive charge (such as guncotton or gunpowder) behind, which is ignited by various means. Pistols, rifles, carbines, muskets, and fowling pieces are smaller guns, for hand use, and are called {small arms}. Larger guns are called {cannon}, {ordnance}, {fieldpieces}, {carronades}, {howitzers}, etc. See these terms in the Vocabulary.

As swift as a pellet out of a gunne When fire is in the powder runne. --Chaucer.

The word gun was in use in England for an engine to cast a thing from a man long before there was any gunpowder found out. --Selden.

2. (Mil.) A piece of heavy ordnance; in a restricted sense, a cannon.

3. pl. (Naut.) Violent blasts of wind.

Note: Guns are classified, according to their construction or manner of loading as {rifled} or {smoothbore}, {breech-loading} or {muzzle-loading}, {cast} or {built-up guns}; or according to their use, as {field}, {mountain}, {prairie}, {seacoast}, and {siege guns}.

{Armstrong gun}, a wrought iron breech-loading cannon named after its English inventor, Sir William Armstrong.

{Big gun} or {Great gun}, a piece of heavy ordnance; hence (Fig.), a person superior in any way; as, bring in the big guns to tackle the problem.

{Gun barrel}, the barrel or tube of a gun.

{Gun carriage}, the carriage on which a gun is mounted or moved.

{Gun cotton} (Chem.), a general name for a series of explosive nitric ethers of cellulose, obtained by steeping cotton in nitric and sulphuric acids. Although there are formed substances containing nitric acid radicals, yet the results exactly resemble ordinary cotton in appearance. It burns without ash, with explosion if confined, but quietly and harmlessly if free and open, and in small quantity. Specifically, the lower nitrates of cellulose which are insoluble in ether and alcohol in distinction from the highest (pyroxylin) which is soluble. See {Pyroxylin}, and cf. {Xyloidin}. The gun cottons are used for blasting and somewhat in gunnery: for making celluloid when compounded with camphor; and the soluble variety (pyroxylin) for making collodion. See {Celluloid}, and {Collodion}. Gun cotton is frequenty but improperly called {nitrocellulose}. It is not a nitro compound, but an ester of nitric acid.

{Gun deck}. See under {Deck}.

{Gun fire}, the time at which the morning or the evening gun is fired.

{Gun metal}, a bronze, ordinarily composed of nine parts of copper and one of tin, used for cannon, etc. The name is also given to certain strong mixtures of cast iron.

{Gun port} (Naut.), an opening in a ship through which a cannon's muzzle is run out for firing.

{Gun tackle} (Naut.), the blocks and pulleys affixed to the side of a ship, by which a gun carriage is run to and from the gun port.

{Gun tackle purchase} (Naut.), a tackle composed of two single blocks and a fall. --Totten.

{Krupp gun}, a wrought steel breech-loading cannon, named after its German inventor, Herr Krupp.

{Machine gun}, a breech-loading gun or a group of such guns, mounted on a carriage or other holder, and having a reservoir containing cartridges which are loaded into the gun or guns and fired in rapid succession. In earlier models, such as the {Gatling gun}, the cartridges were loaded by machinery operated by turning a crank. In modern versions the loading of cartidges is accomplished by levers operated by the recoil of the explosion driving the bullet, or by the pressure of gas within the barrel. Several hundred shots can be fired in a minute by such weapons, with accurate aim. The {Gatling gun}, {Gardner gun}, {Hotchkiss gun}, and {Nordenfelt gun}, named for their inventors, and the French {mitrailleuse}, are machine guns.

{To blow great guns} (Naut.), to blow a gale. See {Gun}, noun, 3. [1913 Webster +PJC]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Cast \Cast\ (k[.a]st), verb (used with an object) [imp. & p. p. {Cast}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Casting}.] [Cf. Dan. kaste, Icel. & Sw. kasta; perh. akin to L. {gerere} to bear, carry. E. jest.]

1. To send or drive by force; to throw; to fling; to hurl; to impel.

Uzziah prepared . . . slings to cast stones. --2 Chron. xxvi. 14.

Cast thy garment about thee, and follow me. --Acts. xii. 8.

We must be cast upon a certain island. --Acts. xxvii. 26.

2. To direct or turn, as the eyes.

How earnestly he cast his eyes upon me! --Shak.

3. To drop; to deposit; as, to cast a ballot.

4. To throw down, as in wrestling. --Shak.

5. To throw up, as a mound, or rampart.

Thine enemies shall cast a trench [bank] about thee. --Luke xix. 48.

6. To throw off; to eject; to shed; to lose.

His filth within being cast. --Shak.

Neither shall your vine cast her fruit. --Mal. iii. 11

The creatures that cast the skin are the snake, the viper, etc. --Bacon.

7. To bring forth prematurely; to slink.

Thy she-goats have not cast their young. --Gen. xxi. 38.

8. To throw out or emit; to exhale. [Obs.]

This . . . casts a sulphureous smell. --Woodward.

9. To cause to fall; to shed; to reflect; to throw; as, to cast a ray upon a screen; to cast light upon a subject.

10. To impose; to bestow; to rest.

The government I cast upon my brother. --Shak.

Cast thy burden upon the Lord. --Ps. iv. 22.

11. To dismiss; to discard; to cashier. [Obs.]

The state can not with safety cast him.

12. To compute; to reckon; to calculate; as, to cast a horoscope. "Let it be cast and paid." --Shak.

You cast the event of war, my noble lord. --Shak.

13. To contrive; to plan. [Archaic]

The cloister . . . had, I doubt not, been cast for [an orange-house]. --Sir W. Temple.

14. To defeat in a lawsuit; to decide against; to convict; as, to be cast in damages.

She was cast to be hanged. --Jeffrey.

Were the case referred to any competent judge, they would inevitably be cast. --Dr. H. More.

15. To turn (the balance or scale); to overbalance; hence, to make preponderate; to decide; as, a casting voice.

How much interest casts the balance in cases dubious! --South.

16. To form into a particular shape, by pouring liquid metal or other material into a mold; to fashion; to found; as, to cast bells, stoves, bullets.

17. (Print.) To stereotype or electrotype.

18. To fix, distribute, or allot, as the parts of a play among actors; also to assign (an actor) for a part.

Our parts in the other world will be new cast. --Addison.

{To cast anchor} (Naut.) See under {Anchor}.

{To cast a horoscope}, to calculate it.

{To cast a} {horse, sheep}, or other animal, to throw with the feet upwards, in such a manner as to prevent its rising again.

{To cast a shoe}, to throw off or lose a shoe, said of a horse or ox.

{To cast aside}, to throw or push aside; to neglect; to reject as useless or inconvenient.

{To cast away}. (a) To throw away; to lavish; to waste. "Cast away a life" --Addison. (b) To reject; to let perish. "Cast away his people." --Rom. xi.

1. "Cast one away." --Shak. (c) To wreck. "Cast away and sunk." --Shak.

{To cast by}, to reject; to dismiss or discard; to throw away.

{To cast down}, to throw down; to destroy; to deject or depress, as the mind. "Why art thou cast down. O my soul?" --Ps. xiii. 5.

{To cast forth}, to throw out, or eject, as from an inclosed place; to emit; to send out.

{To cast in one's lot with}, to share the fortunes of.

{To cast in one's teeth}, to upbraid or abuse one for; to twin.

{To cast lots}. See under {Lot}.

{To cast off}. (a) To discard or reject; to drive away; to put off; to free one's self from. (b) (Hunting) To leave behind, as dogs; also, to set loose, or free, as dogs. --Crabb. (c) (Naut.) To untie, throw off, or let go, as a rope.

{To cast off copy}, (Print.), to estimate how much printed matter a given amount of copy will make, or how large the page must be in order that the copy may make a given number of pages.

{To cast one's self on} or {To cast one's self upon} to yield or submit one's self unreservedly to, as to the mercy of another.

{To cast out}, to throw out; to eject, as from a house; to cast forth; to expel; to utter.

{To cast the lead} (Naut.), to sound by dropping the lead to the bottom.

{To cast the water} (Med.), to examine the urine for signs of disease. [Obs.].

{To cast up}. (a) To throw up; to raise. (b) To compute; to reckon, as the cost. (c) To vomit. (d) To twit with; to throw in one's teeth.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Cast \Cast\ (k[.a]st), verb (used without an object)

1. To throw, as a line in angling, esp, with a fly hook.

2. (Naut.) To turn the head of a vessel around from the wind in getting under weigh.

Weigh anchor, cast to starboard. --Totten.

3. To consider; to turn or revolve in the mind; to plan; as, to cast about for reasons.

She . . . cast in her mind what manner of salution this should be. --Luke. i. 29.

4. To calculate; to compute. [R.]

Who would cast and balance at a desk. --Tennyson.

5. To receive form or shape in a mold.

It will not run thin, so as to cast and mold. --Woodward.

6. To warp; to become twisted out of shape.

Stuff is said to cast or warp when . . . it alters its flatness or straightness. --Moxon.

7. To vomit.

These verses . . . make me ready to cast. --B. Jonson.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Cast \Cast\, 3d pers. pres. of {Cast}, for Casteth. [Obs.] --Chaucer.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Cast \Cast\, noun [Cf. Icel., Dan., & Sw. kast.]

1. The act of casting or throwing; a throw.

2. The thing thrown.

A cast of dreadful dust. --Dryden.

3. The distance to which a thing is or can be thrown. "About a stone's cast." --Luke xxii. 41.

4. A throw of dice; hence, a chance or venture.

An even cast whether the army should march this way or that way. --Sowth.

I have set my life upon a cast, And I will stand the hazard of the die. --Shak.

5. That which is throw out or off, shed, or ejected; as, the skin of an insect, the refuse from a hawk's stomach, the excrement of a earthworm.

6. The act of casting in a mold.

And why such daily cast of brazen cannon. --Shak.

7. An impression or mold, taken from a thing or person; amold; a pattern.

8. That which is formed in a mild; esp. a reproduction or copy, as of a work of art, in bronze or plaster, etc.; a casting.

9. Form; appearence; mien; air; style; as, a peculiar cast of countenance. "A neat cast of verse." --Pope.

An heroic poem, but in another cast and figure. --Prior.

And thus the native hue of resolution Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought. --Shak.

10. A tendency to any color; a tinge; a shade.

Gray with a cast of green. --Woodward.

11. A chance, opportunity, privilege, or advantage; specifically, an opportunity of riding; a lift. [Scotch]

We bargained with the driver to give us a cast to the next stage. --Smollett.

If we had the cast o' a cart to bring it. --Sir W. Scott.

12. The assignment of parts in a play to the actors.

13. (Falconary) A flight or a couple or set of hawks let go at one time from the hand. --Grabb.

As when a cast of falcons make their flight. --Spenser.

14. A stoke, touch, or trick. [Obs.]

This was a cast of Wood's politics; for his information was wholly false. --Swift.

15. A motion or turn, as of the eye; direction; look; glance; squint.

The cast of the eye is a gesture of aversion. --Bacon.

And let you see with one cast of an eye. --Addison.

This freakish, elvish cast came into the child's eye. --Hawthorne.

16. A tube or funnel for conveying metal into a mold.

17. Four; that is, as many as are thrown into a vessel at once in counting herrings, etc; a warp.

18. Contrivance; plot, design. [Obs.] --Chaucer.

{A cast of the eye}, a slight squint or strabismus.

{Renal cast} (Med.), microscopic bodies found in the urine of persons affected with disease of the kidneys; -- so called because they are formed of matter deposited in, and preserving the outline of, the renal tubes.

{The last cast}, the last throw of the dice or last effort, on which every thing is ventured; the last chance.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

cast

noun

1: the actors in a play [syn: {cast}, {cast of characters}, {dramatis personae}]

2: container into which liquid is poured to create a given shape when it hardens [syn: {mold}, {mould}, {cast}]

3: the distinctive form in which a thing is made; "pottery of this cast was found throughout the region" [syn: {cast}, {mold}, {mould}, {stamp}]

4: the visual appearance of something or someone; "the delicate cast of his features" [syn: {form}, {shape}, {cast}]

5: bandage consisting of a firm covering (often made of plaster of Paris) that immobilizes broken bones while they heal [syn: {cast}, {plaster cast}, {plaster bandage}]

6: object formed by a mold [syn: {cast}, {casting}]

7: the act of throwing dice [syn: {cast}, {roll}]

8: the act of throwing a fishing line out over the water by means of a rod and reel [syn: {casting}, {cast}]

9: a violent throw [syn: {hurl}, {cast}]

verb

1: put or send forth; "She threw the flashlight beam into the corner"; "The setting sun threw long shadows"; "cast a spell"; "cast a warm light" [syn: {project}, {cast}, {contrive}, {throw}]

2: deposit; "cast a vote"; "cast a ballot"

3: select to play,sing, or dance a part in a play, movie, musical, opera, or ballet; "He cast a young woman in the role of Desdemona"

4: throw forcefully [syn: {hurl}, {hurtle}, {cast}]

5: assign the roles of (a movie or a play) to actors; "Who cast this beautiful movie?"

6: move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment; "The gypsies roamed the woods"; "roving vagabonds"; "the wandering Jew"; "The cattle roam across the prairie"; "the laborers drift from one town to the next"; "They rolled from town to town" [syn: {roll}, {wander}, {swan}, {stray}, {tramp}, {roam}, {cast}, {ramble}, {rove}, {range}, {drift}, {vagabond}]

7: form by pouring (e.g., wax or hot metal) into a cast or mold; "cast a bronze sculpture" [syn: {cast}, {mold}, {mould}]

8: get rid of; "he shed his image as a pushy boss"; "shed your clothes" [syn: {shed}, {cast}, {cast off}, {shake off}, {throw}, {throw off}, {throw away}, {drop}]

9: choose at random; "draw a card"; "cast lots" [syn: {draw}, {cast}]

10: formulate in a particular style or language; "I wouldn't put it that way"; "She cast her request in very polite language" [syn: {frame}, {redact}, {cast}, {put}, {couch}]

11: eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth; "After drinking too much, the students vomited"; "He purged continuously"; "The patient regurgitated the food we gave him last night" [syn: {vomit}, {vomit up}, {purge}, {cast}, {sick}, {cat}, {be sick}, {disgorge}, {regorge}, {retch}, {puke}, {barf}, {spew}, {spue}, {chuck}, {upchuck}, {honk}, {regurgitate}, {throw up}] [ant: {keep down}]

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Definitions retrieved from the Open Source DICT Webster's English and WordNet 3.0 dictionaries. Click here for database copyright information.

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