Capsicum

2 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Capsicum \Cap"si*cum\ (k[a^]p"s[i^]*k[u^]m), noun [NL., fr. L. capsa box, chest.] (Bot.) A genus of plants of many species, producing capsules or dry berries of various forms, which have an exceedingly pungent, biting taste, and when ground form the red or Cayenne pepper of commerce.

Note: The most important species are {Capsicum baccatum} or bird pepper, {Capsicum fastigiatum} or chili pepper, {Capsicum frutescens} or spur pepper (from which tabasco is obtained), {Capsicum chinense}, which includes the fiery-hot habanero pepper, and {Capsicum annuum} or Guinea pepper, which includes the bell pepper, the jalapeno pepper, the cayenne pepper, and other common garden varieties. The fruit is much used, both in its green and ripe state, in pickles and in cookery. These contain varying levels of the substance {capsaicin} ({C18H27O3N}), which gives the peppers their hot taste. The habanero is about 25-50 times hotter than the jalapeno according to a scale developed by Wilbur Scoville in 1912. See also {Cayenne pepper}, {pepper} and http://www.chili-pepper-plants.com/. [1913 Webster + PJC]

3. Any plant of the genus {Capsicum} (of the {Solanaceae} family, which are unrelated to {Piper}), and its fruit; red pepper; chili pepper; as, the {bell pepper} and the {jalapeno pepper} (both {Capsicum annuum}) and the {habanero pepper} ({Capsicum chinense}); . [1913 Webster + PJC]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

capsicum

noun

1: any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers [syn: {capsicum}, {pepper}, {capsicum pepper plant}]

2: chiefly tropical perennial shrubby plants having many-seeded fruits: sweet and hot peppers [syn: {genus Capsicum}, {Capsicum}]

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