Burning

4 definitions found

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Burn \Burn\ (b[^u]rn), verb (used with an object) [imp. & p. p. {Burned} (b[^u]rnd) or {Burnt} (b[^u]rnt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Burning}.] [OE. bernen, brennen, verb (used with an object), early confused with beornen, birnen, verb (used without an object), AS. b[ae]rnan, bernan, verb (used with an object), birnan, verb (used without an object); akin to OS. brinnan, OFries. barna, berna, OHG. brinnan, brennan, G. brennen, OD. bernen, D. branden, Dan. br[ae]nde, Sw. br[aum]nna, brinna, Icel. brenna, Goth. brinnan, brannjan (in comp.), and possibly to E. fervent.]

1. To consume with fire; to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire; -- frequently intensified by up: as, to burn up wood. "We'll burn his body in the holy place." --Shak.

2. To injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one's face in the sun; the sun burns the grass.

3. To perfect or improve by fire or heat; to submit to the action of fire or heat for some economic purpose; to destroy or change some property or properties of, by exposure to fire or heat in due degree for obtaining a desired residuum, product, or effect; to bake; as, to burn clay in making bricks or pottery; to burn wood so as to produce charcoal; to burn limestone for the lime.

4. To make or produce, as an effect or result, by the application of fire or heat; as, to burn a hole; to burn charcoal; to burn letters into a block.

5. To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does; as, to burn the mouth with pepper.

This tyrant fever burns me up. --Shak.

This dry sorrow burns up all my tears. --Dryden.

When the cold north wind bloweth, . . . it devoureth the mountains, and burneth the wilderness, and consumeth the ??ass as fire. --Ecclus. xliii. 20, 21.

6. (Surg.) To apply a cautery to; to cauterize.

7. (Chem.) To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize; as, a man burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration; to burn iron in oxygen.

{To burn}, {To burn together}, as two surfaces of metal (Engin.), to fuse and unite them by pouring over them a quantity of the same metal in a liquid state.

{To burn a bowl} (Game of Bowls), to displace it accidentally, the bowl so displaced being said to be burned.

{To burn daylight}, to light candles before it is dark; to waste time; to perform superfluous actions. --Shak.

{To burn one's fingers}, to get one's self into unexpected trouble, as by interfering the concerns of others, speculation, etc.

{To burn out}, (a) to destroy or obliterate by burning. "Must you with hot irons burn out mine eyes?" --Shak. (b) to force (people) to flee by burning their homes or places of business; as, the rioters burned out the Chinese businessmen.

{To be burned out}, to suffer loss by fire, as the burning of one's house, store, or shop, with the contents.

{To burn up}, {To burn down}, to burn entirely.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Burning \Burn"ing\, noun The act of consuming by fire or heat, or of subjecting to the effect of fire or heat; the state of being on fire or excessively heated.

{Burning fluid}, any volatile illuminating oil, as the lighter petroleums (naphtha, benzine), or oil of turpentine (camphine), but esp. a mixture of the latter with alcohol.

{Burning glass}, a convex lens of considerable size, used for producing an intense heat by converging the sun's rays to a focus.

{Burning house} (Metal.), the furnace in which tin ores are calcined, to sublime the sulphur and arsenic from the pyrites. --Weale.

{Burning mirror}, a concave mirror, or a combination of plane mirrors, used for the same purpose as a burning glass.

Syn: Combustion; fire; conflagration; flame; blaze.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

Burning \Burn"ing\, adjective

1. That burns; being on fire; excessively hot; fiery.

2. Consuming; intense; inflaming; exciting; vehement; powerful; as, burning zeal.

Like a young hound upon a burning scent. --Dryden.

{Burning bush} (Bot.), an ornamental shrub ({Euonymus atropurpureus}), bearing a crimson berry.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

burning

adjective

1: of immediate import; "burning issues of the day"

noun

1: the act of burning something; "the burning of leaves was prohibited by a town ordinance" [syn: {burning}, {combustion}]

2: pain that feels hot as if it were on fire [syn: {burn}, {burning}]

3: a process in which a substance reacts with oxygen to give heat and light [syn: {combustion}, {burning}]

4: execution by electricity [syn: {electrocution}, {burning}]

5: execution by fire [syn: {burning}, {burning at the stake}]

6: a form of torture in which cigarettes or cigars or other hot implements are used to burn the victim's skin


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Monday, March 30, 2015 12:53:55 PM Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)

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