From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44 [gcide]:
3. The space measured by the regular return of a revolving body; the period made by the regular recurrence of a measure of time, or by a succession of similar events. ''The short revolution of a day.'' --Dryden.
4. (Astron.) The motion of any body, as a planet or satellite, in a curved line or orbit, until it returns to the same point again, or to a point relatively the same; -- designated as the annual, anomalistic, nodical, sidereal, or tropical revolution, according as the point of return or completion has a fixed relation to the year, the anomaly, the nodes, the stars, or the tropics; as, the revolution of the earth about the sun; the revolution of the moon about the earth.
5. (Geom.) The motion of a point, line, or surface about a point or line as its center or axis, in such a manner that a moving point generates a curve, a moving line a surface (called a surface of revolution), and a moving surface a solid (called a solid of revolution); as, the revolution of a right-angled triangle about one of its sides generates a cone; the revolution of a semicircle about the diameter generates a sphere.
Note: When used without qualifying terms, the word is often applied specifically, by way of eminence, to: (a) The English Revolution in 1689, when William of Orange and Mary became the reigning sovereigns, in place of James II. (b) The American Revolution, beginning in 1775, by which the English colonies, since known as the United States, secured their independence. (c) The revolution in France in 1789, commonly called the French Revolution, the subsequent revolutions in that country being designated by their dates, as the Revolution of 1830, of 1848, etc.
From WordNet (r) 2.0 [wn]:
From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thes]:
206 Moby Thesaurus words for "revolution": Fabianism, about-face, accommodation, adaptation, adjustment, alteration, ambit, amelioration, anarchism, anarcho-syndicalism, anarchy, angular momentum, angular motion, angular velocity, antinomianism, apostasy, arsis, axial motion, beat, betterment, bout, bowling, break, breakup, capsizal, capsize, cataclysm, centrifugation, change, change of heart, changeableness, chaos, circle, circuit, circulation, circumgyration, circumrotation, circumvolution, civil disorder, confusion, constructive change, continuity, conversion, coup d'etat, course, crack-up, criminal syndicalism, culbute, cycle, defection, degeneration, degenerative change, deterioration, deviation, diastole, difference, diffusion, discontinuity, disintegration, disorder, disorderliness, disorganization, dispersal, disruption, dissolution, divergence, diversification, diversion, diversity, downbeat, emeute, exfoliation, extremism, fitting, flip-flop, fragmentation, full circle, general uprising, gradual change, gradualism, gyration, gyre, improvement, insurgence, insurgency, insurrection, jacquerie, lap, levee en masse, loop, lynch law, melioration, meliorism, metamorphosis, misrule, mitigation, mob law, mob rule, mobocracy, modification, modulation, mutiny, nihilism, ochlocracy, orbit, outbreak, overset, overthrow, overturn, peasant revolt, pirouette, pivoting, primal chaos, progressivism, pulse, putsch, qualification, radical change, radical reform, radicalism, re-creation, realignment, rebellion, redesign, reel, reeling, reform, reformation, reformism, regeneration, remaking, renewal, reorganization, reshaping, restructuring, reversal, revisionism, revival, revivification, revolt, revolute, revolve, riot, rising, roll, rolling, rotation, rotational motion, round, round trip, rounds, scaling, scattering, series, shake-up, shattering, shift, somersault, somerset, spell, spill, spin, spinning, subversion, sudden change, swinging, swirling, switch, swiveling, syndicalism, systole, take-over, thesis, tohubohu, total change, tour, transformation, transition, trolling, trundling, turbination, turmoil, turn, turnabout, turning, turnover, twirl, unruliness, upbeat, upheaval, uprising, upset, upturn, utopianism, variation, variety, violent change, volutation, volution, walk, wheel, wheeling, whir, whirl, whirling, worsening
From THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993) [devils]:
REVOLUTION, noun In politics, an abrupt change in the form of misgovernment. Specifically, in American history, the substitution of the rule of an Administration for that of a Ministry, whereby the welfare and happiness of the people were advanced a full half-inch. Revolutions are usually accompanied by a considerable effusion of blood, but are accounted worth it -- this appraisement being made by beneficiaries whose blood had not the mischance to be shed. The French revolution is of incalculable value to the Socialist of to-day; when he pulls the string actuating its bones its gestures are inexpressibly terrifying to gory tyrants suspected of fomenting law and order.
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